Density profile and morphology of viscoelastic thermal compressed wood View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-02

AUTHORS

Andreja Kutnar, Frederick A. Kamke, Milan Sernek

ABSTRACT

The viscoelastic thermal compression (VTC) of low-density hybrid poplar (Populus deltoides × Populus trichocarpa) from fast growing trees was performed in order to produce specimens with three different degrees of densification (63, 98, and 132%). The morphology and density profile of the VTC specimens were studied. Three different methods for the preparation of specimens for microscopy were used in order to find a technique that makes it possible to examine the VTC wood microscopically in the completely deformed state. It was found that the abrasive surface preparation of oil-embedded blocks was the most promising technique. Microscopic observation revealed that the deformations in the VTC wood were mostly the result of the viscous buckling of cell walls without fracture. The volume of the void areas in the specimens decreased with the degree of densification. The results showed that the density profile of the VTC wood varied with the degree of densification as a consequence of different temperature and moisture gradients formed before and during wood compression. The density profile is also visible on the cross-section of the VTC specimens. More... »

PAGES

57

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2006-02. Prediction of oriented strand board properties from mat formation and compression operating conditions. Part 1. Horizontal density distribution and vertical density profile in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2007-08. Element content and pH value in American black cherry (Prunus serotina) with regard to colour changes during heartwood formation and hot water treatment in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 1998-08. Effects of mat moisture content and press closing speed on the formation of density profile and properties of particleboard in JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE
  • 1998-05. Characterisation of thermally modified wood: molecular reasons for wood performance improvement in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 1981-03. Viscoelastic properties of wood in swelling systems in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2001-04. Step-closing pressing of medium density fiberboard; Part 1. Influences on the vertical density profile in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2004-08. Plastic deformation in small clear pieces of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) during densification with the CaLignum process in JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE
  • 2002-08. Effects of press closing time on mat consolidation behavior during hot pressing and on linear expansion of particleboard in JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE
  • 2005-12. Effect of grain orientation and surface wetting on vertical density profiles of thermally compressed fir and spruce in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2006-10. Determination of formic-acid and acetic acid concentrations formed during hydrothermal treatment of birch wood and its relation to colour, strength and hardness in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00226-008-0198-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00226-008-0198-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027305027


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