Long Term Ovariectomy-Induced Osteoporosis is Associated with High Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase Indexes in Rat Femur View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-12-03

AUTHORS

Alexandrine During, Xavier Coutel, Nicolas Bertheaume, Guillaume Penel, Cécile Olejnik

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is characterized by a bone loss associated to an increased bone marrow adiposity; however, it is still unclear what kind of lipids are involved. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to see if there is any local bone lipid changes related to osteoporosis, by using the ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis (OVX) rat model. Female SD rats (operated at 6 months of age for skeletal maturity) were divided in control SHAM and OVX groups (n = 6/group) and maintained for 9 month post-surgery. Lipids were analyzed in two compartments of femoral diaphyses: bone marrow (BM) and mineralized tissue (MT), by chromatographic methods. As expected, osteoporotic femurs had a larger BM mass associated with a two-fold increase of lipid content. The MT had a similar lipid enrichment, indicating that adiposity affected the mineral part as well. The main lipids concerned were triglycerides, sphingomyelin, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylserine in BM, and triglycerides and cholesterol esters in MT. The increase of both energy-storage and membrane-associated lipids in BM suggested that cell number and/or size was enhanced to allow more triglyceride storage. Interestingly, in MT of osteoporotic femurs, sphingomyelin was decreased, suggesting that its catabolism could be linked to osteoporosis. In both femoral compartments, fatty acid profiles were enriched in 14:0 and 16:1, lowered in 18:0 and 20:4 n-6, and two-fold higher stearoyl-CoA desaturase indexes (16:1/16:0 and 18:1/18:0 ratios), suggesting an increased de novo lipogenesis in osteoporotic femurs. Thus, the present study is first to report local changes of individual lipids in rat osteoporotic femurs and suggests that osteoporosis is a pathologic condition associated with an enhanced de novo lipogenesis. Further studies will be needed to better understand the consequences of these lipid changes in osteoporotic bones. More... »

PAGES

315-324

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00223-019-00637-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00223-019-00637-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123093810

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31796982


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