Effects of continuous cycling training on motor unit firing rates, input excitation, and myosin heavy chain of the vastus lateralis ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-01-20

AUTHORS

Michael A. Trevino, Hannah L. Dimmick, Mandy E. Parra, Adam J. Sterczala, Jonathan D. Miller, Jake A. Deckert, Philip M. Gallagher, Andrew C. Fry, Joseph P. Weir, Trent J. Herda

ABSTRACT

This study examined the effects of continuous endurance training on motor unit (MU) mean firing rates (MFR), percent myosin heavy chain (%MHC) isoforms, and muscle cross-sectional area (mCSA) of the vastus lateralis (VL). Twelve females completed 5-weeks of continuous cycling-training (CYC), while 8 females were controls (CON). Participants performed maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) and 40% MVCs of the knee extensors before (PRE) and after the 5-week treatment period at the same absolute pre-treatment submaximal torque (POSTABS) and relative to post-treatment MVCs (POSTREL). Surface electromyographic (EMG) signals were decomposed with the Precision Decomposition III algorithm. MU firing times and waveforms were validated with reconstruct-and-test and spike trigger average procedures. MFRs at steady torque, recruitment thresholds (RT), and normalized EMG amplitude (N-EMGRMS) were analyzed. Y-intercepts and slopes were calculated for the MFR vs. RT relationships. MHC isoforms and mCSA were determined with muscle biopsies and ultrasonography. CYC decreased MVCs and type IIX %MHC isoform without changes in mCSA. The slopes for the MFR vs. RT relationships decreased for CYC during POSTREL and POSTABS while N-EMGRMS increased for POSTABS with no differences between PRE and POSTREL. Type I %MHC isoform was correlated with the slope for the MFR vs. RT relationship during POSTABS and POSTREL for CYC. This study provides evidence that decreases in the MFRs of higher threshold MUs post-CYC is likely a function of changes in input excitation (POSTABS) and the firing frequency–excitation relationships (POSTREL). Evidence is provided that MHC isoforms influence the firing rate scheme of the muscle following short-term training. More... »

PAGES

825-839

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00221-021-06278-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-021-06278-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1144785007

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35048160


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