Sex-related differences in motor unit firing rates and action potential amplitudes of the first dorsal interosseous during high-, but not ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-03-30

AUTHORS

Mandy E. Parra, Adam J. Sterczala, Jonathan D. Miller, Michael A. Trevino, Hannah L. Dimmick, Trent J. Herda

ABSTRACT

Despite ample evidence that females are weaker and possess smaller muscle cross-sectional areas (CSAs) compared to males, it remains unclear if there are sex-related differences in the properties of motor units (MU). Eleven males (age 22 ± 3 years) and 12 females (age 21 ± 1 years) performed isometric trapezoid muscle actions at 10% and 70% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). Surface electromyography signals were recorded and decomposed into MU action potential (AP) waveforms and firing instances. Average MUAP amplitudes (MUAPAMPS), mean firing rates (MFRs), initial firing rates (IFRs), and recruitment thresholds (RT) were calculated for the 10% MVC, while MUAPAMPS, IFRs, and MFRs were regressed against RT for the 70% MVC. Ultrasonography was used to measure CSA of the first dorsal interosseous (FDI). Males had greater CSAs (p < 0.001; males 2.34 ± 0.28 cm2, females 1.82 ± 0.18 cm2) and MVC strength (p < 0.001; males 25.9 ± 5.5 N, females 16.44 ± 2.5 N). No differences existed for MUAPAMPS, IFRs, MFRs, or RTs (p > 0.05) during the 10% MVC. For the 70% MVC, the y-intercepts from the MUAPAMPS vs. RT relationships were greater (p < 0.05) for the males (males − 0.19 ± 0.53 mV; females − 0.78 ± 0.75 mV), while the inverse was true for the MFR vs. RT relationships (males 31.55 ± 6.92 pps, females 38.65 ± 6.71 pps) with no differences (p > 0.05) in the slopes. Therefore, smaller CSAs and weaker MVCs are likely the result of smaller higher-threshold MUs for females. More... »

PAGES

1133-1144

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00221-020-05759-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-020-05759-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126011906

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32232542


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