Stroke-induced synergistic phase shifting and its possible implications for recovery mechanisms View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-11

AUTHORS

Matt Simkins, Anne Burleigh Jacobs, Nancy Byl, Jacob Rosen

ABSTRACT

Among other diminished motor capabilities, survivors of a stroke often exhibit pathological joint synergies. With respect to the upper limbs, these deficits diminish coordination in reaching, pointing, and daily task performance. Past research on pathological synergies suggests that the synergistic relationship between joints is different for flexion than in extension. One explanation for different flexion and extension synergies is that there exists a time difference between the joint being volitionally moved and the joint that moves in synergy. The goal of this research was to measure these synergistic time differences. The experiment included 11 hemiparetic subjects who performed rhythmic elbow motions at five different frequencies. A motion capture system was used to record the resulting shoulder synergies. Synergistic shoulder rotations were found to exhibit frequency-dependent phase lags (delays) and leads (advances) in the paretic arm. Furthermore, the synergistic leads and lags varied with frequency and were subject specific. We found that timing differences between joints in pathological movements are comparable to differences that were observed by other researchers for normal, able-bodied movement synergies. Moreover, the fact that pathological synergies were evident in rhythmic motion suggests that they are spinal in origin. A significant amount research exists relating to able-bodied spinal synergies. Thus, the supposition that pathological synergies are an expression of normal synergies would tie disabled movement into a larger body of work related to able-bodied synergies. The rehabilitation implications of this possible connection are discussed. More... »

PAGES

3489-3499

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00221-014-4035-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-014-4035-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005491923

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25034222


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00221-014-4035-5'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00221-014-4035-5'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00221-014-4035-5'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00221-014-4035-5'


 

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