Single-unit responses in the auditory cortex of monkeys performing a conditional acousticomotor task View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2003-10-25

AUTHORS

Caroline Durif, Christophe Jouffrais, Eric M. Rouiller

ABSTRACT

The general goal of the present study was to assess the response properties to tones of single neurons in the auditory cortex (primary auditory area, A1, and middle lateral auditory belt, ML) of two macaque monkeys while performing an acousticomotor discrimination task requiring a controlled level of attention and motivation. For each neuron, an approximation of the frequency receptive field (FRF) was first established. Second, based on the FRF, sets of paired tone frequencies were defined in which two different tone frequencies had to be associated by the monkey, following a trial and error strategy, to a left or a right key-press with the left arm. After acquisition of the association, the two tones of the pair were presented randomly (“instruction stimulus”) and, if the monkey touched the correct key, the stimulus was repeated (“confirmation stimulus”) and a reward was delivered. The majority of units (63%) had a FRF formed by multiple peaks, whereas 25% and 12% of units exhibited a simple U-shaped FRF and a “mosaic” FRF, composed of several separated zones of response, respectively. Five principal response patterns were observed: On, Off, On-Off, Sustained, and Inhibition. In relation to the acousticomotor association task, some auditory cortical neurons (33%) exhibited a different response to the same stimulus when presented, in the same trials, as instruction or as confirmation. It was also observed that the response to the same instruction stimulus could differ when comparing correct trials with erroneous trials (wrong motor response). In conclusion, the response properties of auditory cortical neurons in behaving monkeys are strongly dependent on the physical parameters of sounds (frequency, intensity, etc.) as indicated by FRF characteristics, but a substantial influence of the behavioral context and performance may also play an important role. More... »

PAGES

614-627

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1996-03. Auditory responsive cortex in the squirrel monkey: neural responses to amplitude-modulated sounds in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1978-06. Response variability of auditory cortex cells in the squirrel monkey to constant acoustic stimuli in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1989-01. Tuning properties of auditory cortex cells in the awake squirrel monkey in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1979-02. Lability in the responses of cells in the auditory cortex of squirrel monkeys to species-specific vocalizations in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1997-12. Learning-induced dynamic receptive field changes in primary auditory cortex of the unanaesthetized Mongolian gerbil in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A
  • 1977-09. Response plasticity of neurons in auditory cortex of the rhesus monkey in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1973-12. Responses to acoustic stimuli of units in the auditory cortex of awake squirrel monkeys in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1999-12. 'What' and 'where' processing in auditory cortex in NATURE NEUROSCIENCE
  • 1978-07. Single unit responses in the inferior colliculus of the awake and performing rhesus monkey in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1966-04. Classification of response patterns of spike discharges for units in the cochlear nucleus: Tone-burst stimulation in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1998-09. Processing of twitter-call fundamental frequencies in insula and auditory cortex of squirrel monkeys in EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH
  • 1999-12. Dual streams of auditory afferents target multiple domains in the primate prefrontal cortex in NATURE NEUROSCIENCE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00221-003-1613-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00221-003-1613-3

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013962122

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14578996


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