Implementation of commercial oat and sorghum flours in brewing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-03

AUTHORS

Birgit Schnitzenbaumer, Jörg Kaspar, Jean Titze, Elke K. Arendt

ABSTRACT

Brewing with commercial flours has the potential to reduce mashing times and improve brewhouse efficiency. At present, however, no studies are available assessing the application of commercial oat and sorghum flours as brewing adjuncts. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the quality and processability of mashes/worts produced with 10–90 % oat or sorghum flour as well as to reveal the advantages and limitations of their use as a substitute for barley malt. For these purposes, both flour types were fully analyzed in terms of brewing-relevant characteristics using standard methods, Lab-on-a-Chip capillary electrophoresis, and scanning electron microscopy. Laboratory-scale mashing trials were performed to assess the effect of up to 90 % flour adjunct on mash/wort quality. Equivalent factors were introduced to determine the performance efficiency of different oat/sorghum flour concentrations. Commercial oat flour sourced in Ireland exhibited significantly more protein, β-glucan, and fat, less starch, ash, and polyphenols, as well as a lower starch gelatinization temperature than commercial sorghum flour obtained from the USA. Worts produced with 10–90 % oat or sorghum flour had lighter colors, higher pH values, and lower concentrations of foam-positive proteins as well as free amino nitrogen compared to 100 % barley malt worts. In terms of extract yields, the use of up to 70 % oat flour and 50 % sorghum flour, respectively, has proven economically beneficial. Worts containing up to 70 % oat flour showed a very good or good fermentability, those containing 30–50 % sorghum flour resulted, however, in a lower alcohol production. More... »

PAGES

515-525

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00217-013-2129-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00217-013-2129-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027507580


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