Genotypic resistance testing in HIV by arrayed primer extension View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-07

AUTHORS

Michaela Schanné, Jochen Bodem, Aslihan Gerhold-Ay, Anette Jacob, Kurt Fellenberg, Hans-Georg Kräusslich, Jörg D. Hoheisel

ABSTRACT

The analysis of mutations that are associated with the occurrence of drug resistance is important for monitoring the antiretroviral therapy of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Here, we describe the establishment and successful application of Arrayed Primer Extension (APEX) for genotypic resistance testing in HIV as a rapid and economical alternative to standard sequencing. The assay is based on an array of oligonucleotide primers that are immobilised via their 5'-ends. Upon hybridisation of template DNA, a primer extension reaction is performed in the presence of the four dideoxynucleotides, each labelled with a distinct fluorophore. The inserted label immediately indicates the sequence at the respective position. Any mutation changes the colour pattern. We designed a microarray for the analysis of 26 and 33 codons in the HIV protease and reverse transcriptase, respectively, which are of special interest with respect to drug resistance. The enormous genome variability of HIV represents a big challenge for genotypic resistance tests, which include a hybridisation step, both in terms of specificity and probe numbers. The use of degenerated oligonucleotides resulted in a significant reduction in the number of primers needed. For validation, DNA of 94 and 48 patients that exhibited resistance to inhibitors of HIV protease and reverse transcriptase, respectively, were analysed. The validation included HIV subtype B, prevalent in industrialised countries, as well as non-subtype B samples that are more common elsewhere. More... »

PAGES

1661-1669

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00216-007-1775-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00216-007-1775-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033754051

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18202840


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