Cell type-specific in vivo expression of genes encoding signalling molecules in the brain in response to chronic mild stress and ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-08

AUTHORS

Lu Dong, Baoman Li, Alexei Verkhratsky, Liang Peng

ABSTRACT

RATIONALE: Previously, we reported that chronic treatment with fluoxetine increased gene expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2B (5-HT2BR), cytosolic phospholipase 2α (cPLA2α), glutamate receptor, ionotropic kainate 2 (GluK2) and adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 2 (ADAR2), in cultured astrocytes and astrocytes freshly isolated from transgenic mice tagged with an astrocyte-specific marker. In contrast, neurones isolated from transgenic mice tagged with a neurone-specific marker and exposed to fluoxetine showed an increase in gene expression of glutamate receptor, ionotropic kainate 4 (GluK4) and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2C (5-HT2CR). In a mouse model of anhedonia, the downregulation of 5-HT2BR, cPLA2α, ADAR2 and GluK4 but not GluK2 and 5-HT2CR was detected. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of chronic mild stress (CMS) and/or fluoxetine treatment on gene expression of 5-HT2BR, 5-HT2CR, cPLA2α, ADAR2, GluK2 and GluK4 specifically in astrocytes and neurones. METHODS: Transgenic mice tagged with either astrocyte- or neurone-specific markers were exposed to the CMS. Real-time PCR was applied to determine expression of messenger RNA (mRNA). RESULTS: We found that (i) mRNAs of the 5-HT2BR and cPLA2α in astrocytes and GluK4 in neurones were significantly reduced in mice that became anhedonic; the mRNA levels were restored by fluoxetine treatment; (ii) ADAR2 in astrocytes was decreased by the CMS but showed no response to fluoxetine in anhedonic animals; (iii) neither GluK2 expression in astrocytes nor 5-HT2CR expression in neurones were affected in anhedonic animals, although expression of 5-HT2CR mRNA was upregulated by fluoxetine. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the effects of chronic treatment with fluoxetine are not only dependent on the cell type studied but also on the development of anhedonia. This suggests that fluoxetine may affect major depression (MD) patients and healthy people in a different manner. More... »

PAGES

2827-2835

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00213-015-3921-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-015-3921-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009757387

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25851944


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