Effects of ageing on muscarinic receptor subtypes and function in rat urinary bladder View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2005-07-30

AUTHORS

Tim Schneider, Peter Hein, Martina B. Michel-Reher, Martin C. Michel

ABSTRACT

We compared the density and function of M2 and M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes in the urinary bladder of young adult (3 months) and old (23 months) male Wistar rats. Old rats had a reduced density of muscarinic receptors (96±10 vs. 156±21 fmol/mg protein), but competition experiments with the M3-selective darifenacin did not indicate alterations in the relative roles of M2 and M3 receptors, with the former being more abundant. The amount of immunodetectable α-subunits of various G-proteins potentially linked to muscarinic receptor function was unchanged. The potency of carbachol to contract bladder strips was also unaltered; its maximum effects as well as those of a single KCl concentration were unchanged if raw data or those corrected for strip length were analysed, but somewhat reduced when those corrected for strip weight were analysed. Antagonistic effects of atropine, the M2-selective Ro 320–6206 and the M3-selective darifenacin were unchanged. Agonistic effects of the M3-sparing agonist 4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-benzoimidazol-1-yl)-[1,4′]bipiperidinyl-1′-carboxylic acid ethyl ester were similarly poor in young and old rats. Additional experiments were concomitantly performed in submandibular glands from the same animals. While total muscarinic receptor density in submandibular glands was not significantly affected by age (56±5 vs. 61±4 fmol/mg protein), the relative contribution of M3 receptors significantly declined from 68±3% to 57±2% based upon darifenacin competition curves. We conclude that aged Wistar rats express fewer muscarinic receptors in their urinary bladder, but there is no change in the relative abundance of M2 and M3 receptors; this is accompanied by only minor if any alterations in receptor responsiveness. In contrast, submandibular gland expresses similar receptor numbers in young and old rats, but slightly fewer M3 receptors in old animals. More... »

PAGES

71-78

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00210-005-1084-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00210-005-1084-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028341993

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16059734


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