Effects of SEA0400 and KB-R7943 on Na+/Ca2+ exchange current and L-type Ca2+ current in canine ventricular cardiomyocytes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2005-07

AUTHORS

Péter Birinyi, Károly Acsai, Tamás Bányász, András Tóth, Balázs Horváth, László Virág, Norbert Szentandrássy, János Magyar, András Varró, Ferenc Fülöp, Péter P. Nánási

ABSTRACT

SEA0400 and KB-R7943 are compounds synthesised to block transsarcolemmal Na+/Ca2+ exchange current (INa/Ca); however, they Have also been shown to inhibit L-type Ca2+ current (ICa). The potential value of these compounds depends critically on their relative selectivity for INa/Ca over ICa. In the present work, therefore, the concentration-dependent effects of SEA0400 and KB-R7943 on INa/Ca and ICa were studied and compared in canine ventricular cardiomyocytes using the whole-cell configuration of the patch clamp technique. SEA0400 and KB-R7943 decreased INa/Ca in a concentration-dependent manner, having EC50 values of 111±43 nM and 3.35±0.82 μM, when suppressing inward currents, while the respective EC50 values were estimated at 108±18 nM and 4.74±0.69 μM in the case of outward current block. SEA0400 and KB-R7943 also blocked ICa, having comparable EC50 values (3.6 μM and 3.2 μM, respectively). At higher concentrations (10 μM) both drugs accelerated inactivation of ICa, retarded recovery from inactivation and shifted the voltage dependence of inactivation towards more negative voltages. The voltage dependence of activation was slightly modified by SEA0400, but not by KB-R7943. Based on the relatively good selectivity of submicromolar concentrations of SEA0400—but not KB-R7943—for INa/Ca over ICa, SEA0400 appears to be a suitable tool to study the role of INa/Ca in Ca2+ handling in canine cardiac cells. At concentrations higher than 1 μM, however, ICa is progressively suppressed by the compound. More... »

PAGES

63-70

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1981-08. Improved patch-clamp techniques for high-resolution current recording from cells and cell-free membrane patches in PFLÜGERS ARCHIV - EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY
  • 2000-01. Electrophysiological effects of fluoxetine in mammalian cardiac tissues in NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERG'S ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY
  • 2000-03. Electrophysiological effects of bimoclomol in canine ventricular myocytes in NAUNYN-SCHMIEDEBERG'S ARCHIVES OF PHARMACOLOGY
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00210-005-1079-x

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00210-005-1079-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040834200

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16086157


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    24 schema:description SEA0400 and KB-R7943 are compounds synthesised to block transsarcolemmal Na+/Ca2+ exchange current (INa/Ca); however, they Have also been shown to inhibit L-type Ca2+ current (ICa). The potential value of these compounds depends critically on their relative selectivity for INa/Ca over ICa. In the present work, therefore, the concentration-dependent effects of SEA0400 and KB-R7943 on INa/Ca and ICa were studied and compared in canine ventricular cardiomyocytes using the whole-cell configuration of the patch clamp technique. SEA0400 and KB-R7943 decreased INa/Ca in a concentration-dependent manner, having EC50 values of 111±43 nM and 3.35±0.82 μM, when suppressing inward currents, while the respective EC50 values were estimated at 108±18 nM and 4.74±0.69 μM in the case of outward current block. SEA0400 and KB-R7943 also blocked ICa, having comparable EC50 values (3.6 μM and 3.2 μM, respectively). At higher concentrations (10 μM) both drugs accelerated inactivation of ICa, retarded recovery from inactivation and shifted the voltage dependence of inactivation towards more negative voltages. The voltage dependence of activation was slightly modified by SEA0400, but not by KB-R7943. Based on the relatively good selectivity of submicromolar concentrations of SEA0400—but not KB-R7943—for INa/Ca over ICa, SEA0400 appears to be a suitable tool to study the role of INa/Ca in Ca2+ handling in canine cardiac cells. At concentrations higher than 1 μM, however, ICa is progressively suppressed by the compound.
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