Long-term cadmium exposure induces anemia in rats through hypoinduction of erythropoietin in the kidneys View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-11

AUTHORS

H. Horiguchi, Masao Sato, Nobuhiro Konno, Masaaki Fukushima

ABSTRACT

Cadmium (Cd), a highly toxic heavy metal, is distributed widely in the general environment of today. The characteristic clinical manifestations of chronic Cd intoxication include renal proximal tubular dysfunction, general osteomalacia with severe pains, and anemia. We have recently reported that the serum level of erythropoietin (EPO) remained low despite the severe anemia in patients with Itai-itai disease, the most severe form of chronic Cd intoxication. In order to prove that the anemia observed in chronic Cd intoxication arises from low production of EPO in the kidneys following the renal injury, we administered Cd to rats for a long period and performed the analysis of EPO mRNA inducibility in the kidneys. The rats administered Cd for 6 and 9 months showed anemia with low levels of plasma EPO as well as biochemical and histological renal tubular damage, and also hypoinduction of EPO mRNA in the kidneys. The results indicate that chronic Cd intoxication causes anemia by disturbing the EPO-production capacity of renal cells. More... »

PAGES

11-19

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s002040050352

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002040050352

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041920198

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9010580


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