Hypovitaminosis D, impaired bone turnover and low bone mass are common in patients with peripheral arterial disease View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2004-07-31

AUTHORS

Astrid Fahrleitner-Pammer, Andrea Obernosterer, Ernst Pilger, Harald Dobnig, Hans Peter Dimai, Georg Leb, Stefan Kudlacek, Barbara M. Obermayer-Pietsch

ABSTRACT

Hypovitaminosis D is common in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Subsequent secondary hyperparathyroidism and osteomalacia contribute to bone pain and myalgias, and so aggravate clinical symptoms of claudication. We evaluated 95 out of 297 patients with angiographically confirmed PAD stages II (pain in the calves and/or thighs only during exercise) or IV (history of, or presence of local ulcers) and compared them with 44 matched healthy controls regarding their medical history, bone density measurements of the femoral neck and calcaneal bone ultrasound. Bone pain, myalgias and mobility restriction as well as routine laboratory parameters, serum vitamin D [25(OH)D], crosslaps (CTX), parathyroid hormone (PTH), osteocalcin (OC) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) were recorded and analysed. 25(OH)D was significantly lower in PAD IV patients (9.6±4.6 ng/ml, P<0.0001) as compared to PAD II stages and controls (19.0±7.6 and 19.1±9.1 ng/ml), paralleled by lower serum calcium [2.24±0.02 mmol/l, P=0.0002 versus PAD II (2.36±0.02) and P<0.0001 versus controls (2.39±0.02)] and higher iPTH serum levels (66.3±3.6 pg/ml, P<0.0001) as compared to PAD II patients (45.3±3.5) and healthy controls (38.5±2.4). Alkaline phosphatase and serum crosslaps values were significantly higher and age-adjusted bone density and bone ultrasound measurements significantly lower in PAD IV patients, who were also twice as likely to have bone pain and myalgias as PAD II patients. Bone ultrasound measurements correlated significantly with both clinical severity and pain as well as serological parameters of bone metabolism. Underlying PAD has a significant impact on bone density and metabolism as well as on bone and muscular pain. Patients with PAD are at high risk for osteoporosis and osteomalacia and should be regularly monitored and treated for their vitamin D deficiencies. More... »

PAGES

319-324

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2002-06-01. Bone Mineral Density and the Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease: The Rotterdam Study in CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL
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  • 2002-07. Biochemical Indices of Bone Turnover and the Assessment of Fracture Probability in OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL
  • 2003-07-11. Prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in elderly women in Italy: clinical consequences and risk factors in OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL
  • 2000-06. Hypovitaminosis D Myopathy Without Biochemical Signs of Osteomalacic Bone Involvement in CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL
  • 1998-11. Do Markers of Bone Resorption Add to Bone Mineral Density and Ultrasonographic Heel Measurement for the Prediction of Hip Fracture in Elderly Women? The EPIDOS Prospective Study in OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL
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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00198-004-1693-3

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-004-1693-3

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15726236


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    30 schema:description Hypovitaminosis D is common in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Subsequent secondary hyperparathyroidism and osteomalacia contribute to bone pain and myalgias, and so aggravate clinical symptoms of claudication. We evaluated 95 out of 297 patients with angiographically confirmed PAD stages II (pain in the calves and/or thighs only during exercise) or IV (history of, or presence of local ulcers) and compared them with 44 matched healthy controls regarding their medical history, bone density measurements of the femoral neck and calcaneal bone ultrasound. Bone pain, myalgias and mobility restriction as well as routine laboratory parameters, serum vitamin D [25(OH)D], crosslaps (CTX), parathyroid hormone (PTH), osteocalcin (OC) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) were recorded and analysed. 25(OH)D was significantly lower in PAD IV patients (9.6±4.6 ng/ml, P<0.0001) as compared to PAD II stages and controls (19.0±7.6 and 19.1±9.1 ng/ml), paralleled by lower serum calcium [2.24±0.02 mmol/l, P=0.0002 versus PAD II (2.36±0.02) and P<0.0001 versus controls (2.39±0.02)] and higher iPTH serum levels (66.3±3.6 pg/ml, P<0.0001) as compared to PAD II patients (45.3±3.5) and healthy controls (38.5±2.4). Alkaline phosphatase and serum crosslaps values were significantly higher and age-adjusted bone density and bone ultrasound measurements significantly lower in PAD IV patients, who were also twice as likely to have bone pain and myalgias as PAD II patients. Bone ultrasound measurements correlated significantly with both clinical severity and pain as well as serological parameters of bone metabolism. Underlying PAD has a significant impact on bone density and metabolism as well as on bone and muscular pain. Patients with PAD are at high risk for osteoporosis and osteomalacia and should be regularly monitored and treated for their vitamin D deficiencies.
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