Aluminium can shaping by hydroforming: simulative feasibility study and prototype production View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-09

AUTHORS

E. Ceretti, A. Attanasio, A. Fiorentino, L. Giorleo, C. Giardini

ABSTRACT

In these last years, the demand of shaped aluminium bottles and cans was continuously growing. The main problem is related to the fact that normally these objects have very thin thickness and a high strain-hardened material due to the deforming production steps (deep drawing and ironing). In the present paper, a study about the residual formability of cylindrical can is reported. In particular, a first characterization of the flow stress of the ironed component and the identification of the maximum deformation reachable with the hydroforming process were carried out. On the base of these preliminary results, the feasibility of hydroforming aluminium can, namely a small bottle for soft drink, has been investigated. The process is similar to tube hydroforming, even if the bottom part of the can is closed and air is used instead of liquid. The main problems to be solved were related with the possible breakages of the cylindrical body during hydroforming. The process success depends on the material characteristics, the diameter and thickness of the preformed cylindrical body, the shape, the geometry and the dimensions of the final part and the media pressure. The research aims to study the process feasibility and to prove the ability of the simulation software in forecasting the material behaviour. All the simulation phases are supported by experimental tests aiming at validating the finite element method model and to realize sound prototypes of Al soft drink bottles. In such a way, it is possible to have a reliable tool to help the designer in optimizing the process and in identifying new feasible shapes. More... »

PAGES

1797-1807

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-09. Advances in anisotropy and formability in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MATERIAL FORMING
  • 2008-04. Process parameters influence on friction coefficient in sheet forming operations in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MATERIAL FORMING
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038245922


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Brescia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze, 38, 25123, Brescia, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ceretti", 
            "givenName": "E.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010064141760.32", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010064141760.32"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Brescia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze, 38, 25123, Brescia, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Attanasio", 
            "givenName": "A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012646751137.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012646751137.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Brescia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze, 38, 25123, Brescia, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Fiorentino", 
            "givenName": "A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.016276574775.28", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016276574775.28"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Brescia", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze, 38, 25123, Brescia, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Giorleo", 
            "givenName": "L.", 
            "id": "sg:person.07472051344.51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07472051344.51"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Bergamo", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.33236.37", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Engineering, University of Bergamo, Viale Pasubio, 7b, 24044, Dalmine, BG, Italy"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Giardini", 
            "givenName": "C.", 
            "id": "sg:person.016030704477.43", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016030704477.43"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)63230-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001342813"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.12.013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005614248"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1648(96)07365-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006889931"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)61625-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007194227"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(96)02699-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013092151"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2011.03.136", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020225624"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0890-6955(96)00051-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029935633"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(98)00039-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033883153"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2007.06.012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038115135"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1644-9665(12)60163-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038812126"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.032", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043849398"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.032", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043849398"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-008-0161-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046677711", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-008-0161-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(99)00302-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052625964"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-010-0992-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053263875", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-010-0992-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-010-0992-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053263875", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-010-0992-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.344.485", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072072099"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2013-09", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2013-09-01", 
        "description": "In these last years, the demand of shaped aluminium bottles and cans was continuously growing. The main problem is related to the fact that normally these objects have very thin thickness and a high strain-hardened material due to the deforming production steps (deep drawing and ironing). In the present paper, a study about the residual formability of cylindrical can is reported. In particular, a first characterization of the flow stress of the ironed component and the identification of the maximum deformation reachable with the hydroforming process were carried out. On the base of these preliminary results, the feasibility of hydroforming aluminium can, namely a small bottle for soft drink, has been investigated. The process is similar to tube hydroforming, even if the bottom part of the can is closed and air is used instead of liquid. The main problems to be solved were related with the possible breakages of the cylindrical body during hydroforming. The process success depends on the material characteristics, the diameter and thickness of the preformed cylindrical body, the shape, the geometry and the dimensions of the final part and the media pressure. The research aims to study the process feasibility and to prove the ability of the simulation software in forecasting the material behaviour. All the simulation phases are supported by experimental tests aiming at validating the finite element method model and to realize sound prototypes of Al soft drink bottles. In such a way, it is possible to have a reliable tool to help the designer in optimizing the process and in identifying new feasible shapes.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1043671", 
            "issn": [
              "0268-3768", 
              "1433-3015"
            ], 
            "name": "The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "5-8", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "68"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Aluminium can shaping by hydroforming: simulative feasibility study and prototype production", 
        "pagination": "1797-1807", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "b630dafb3571e7b508ada6c1cdb850b21e240d31bd4509494009dc6663b96cdb"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1038245922"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038245922"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T18:21", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8675_00000514.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00170-013-4978-x"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    139 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      42 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author Nce3f1bea433643408db4527a784717b0
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-008-0161-6
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-010-0992-9
    6 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2011.03.136
    7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2007.06.012
    8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.032
    9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.12.013
    10 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)61625-4
    11 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)63230-2
    12 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1648(96)07365-6
    13 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0890-6955(96)00051-x
    14 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(96)02699-4
    15 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(98)00039-9
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(99)00302-7
    17 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1644-9665(12)60163-0
    18 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.344.485
    19 schema:datePublished 2013-09
    20 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-09-01
    21 schema:description In these last years, the demand of shaped aluminium bottles and cans was continuously growing. The main problem is related to the fact that normally these objects have very thin thickness and a high strain-hardened material due to the deforming production steps (deep drawing and ironing). In the present paper, a study about the residual formability of cylindrical can is reported. In particular, a first characterization of the flow stress of the ironed component and the identification of the maximum deformation reachable with the hydroforming process were carried out. On the base of these preliminary results, the feasibility of hydroforming aluminium can, namely a small bottle for soft drink, has been investigated. The process is similar to tube hydroforming, even if the bottom part of the can is closed and air is used instead of liquid. The main problems to be solved were related with the possible breakages of the cylindrical body during hydroforming. The process success depends on the material characteristics, the diameter and thickness of the preformed cylindrical body, the shape, the geometry and the dimensions of the final part and the media pressure. The research aims to study the process feasibility and to prove the ability of the simulation software in forecasting the material behaviour. All the simulation phases are supported by experimental tests aiming at validating the finite element method model and to realize sound prototypes of Al soft drink bottles. In such a way, it is possible to have a reliable tool to help the designer in optimizing the process and in identifying new feasible shapes.
    22 schema:genre research_article
    23 schema:inLanguage en
    24 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    25 schema:isPartOf N54efe3b567c849fe844f76d0e4348c19
    26 Nb1a013b8bd784c068842a0b3d488578f
    27 sg:journal.1043671
    28 schema:name Aluminium can shaping by hydroforming: simulative feasibility study and prototype production
    29 schema:pagination 1797-1807
    30 schema:productId N2b237dbaac5b475c908f646eaf3cd9fb
    31 Ndc9431000a27437d8e84dc8e0af56920
    32 Nf74f1c5da6d34ad791dca26c75a476d0
    33 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038245922
    34 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x
    35 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T18:21
    36 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    37 schema:sdPublisher N9da63e8522f54fc199c4246c2b3746ca
    38 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00170-013-4978-x
    39 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    40 sgo:sdDataset articles
    41 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    42 N07f9f67b52c747538ea0f27f65c5c793 rdf:first sg:person.016276574775.28
    43 rdf:rest Nd09acea52a49440bb73cc80133f59f5e
    44 N2b237dbaac5b475c908f646eaf3cd9fb schema:name dimensions_id
    45 schema:value pub.1038245922
    46 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    47 N54efe3b567c849fe844f76d0e4348c19 schema:volumeNumber 68
    48 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    49 N7aa40d20bdf841cf900cb86a155c8421 rdf:first sg:person.012646751137.31
    50 rdf:rest N07f9f67b52c747538ea0f27f65c5c793
    51 N9da63e8522f54fc199c4246c2b3746ca schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    52 rdf:type schema:Organization
    53 Nabbce64e1a254159aa26b70570a24311 rdf:first sg:person.016030704477.43
    54 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    55 Nb1a013b8bd784c068842a0b3d488578f schema:issueNumber 5-8
    56 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    57 Nce3f1bea433643408db4527a784717b0 rdf:first sg:person.010064141760.32
    58 rdf:rest N7aa40d20bdf841cf900cb86a155c8421
    59 Nd09acea52a49440bb73cc80133f59f5e rdf:first sg:person.07472051344.51
    60 rdf:rest Nabbce64e1a254159aa26b70570a24311
    61 Ndc9431000a27437d8e84dc8e0af56920 schema:name doi
    62 schema:value 10.1007/s00170-013-4978-x
    63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    64 Nf74f1c5da6d34ad791dca26c75a476d0 schema:name readcube_id
    65 schema:value b630dafb3571e7b508ada6c1cdb850b21e240d31bd4509494009dc6663b96cdb
    66 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    67 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    68 schema:name Engineering
    69 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    70 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    71 schema:name Materials Engineering
    72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    73 sg:journal.1043671 schema:issn 0268-3768
    74 1433-3015
    75 schema:name The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
    76 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    77 sg:person.010064141760.32 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5
    78 schema:familyName Ceretti
    79 schema:givenName E.
    80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010064141760.32
    81 rdf:type schema:Person
    82 sg:person.012646751137.31 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5
    83 schema:familyName Attanasio
    84 schema:givenName A.
    85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012646751137.31
    86 rdf:type schema:Person
    87 sg:person.016030704477.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.33236.37
    88 schema:familyName Giardini
    89 schema:givenName C.
    90 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016030704477.43
    91 rdf:type schema:Person
    92 sg:person.016276574775.28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5
    93 schema:familyName Fiorentino
    94 schema:givenName A.
    95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016276574775.28
    96 rdf:type schema:Person
    97 sg:person.07472051344.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5
    98 schema:familyName Giorleo
    99 schema:givenName L.
    100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07472051344.51
    101 rdf:type schema:Person
    102 sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-008-0161-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046677711
    103 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-008-0161-6
    104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    105 sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-010-0992-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053263875
    106 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-010-0992-9
    107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    108 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2011.03.136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020225624
    109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    110 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2007.06.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038115135
    111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    112 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.04.032 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043849398
    113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    114 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.12.013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005614248
    115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    116 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)61625-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007194227
    117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    118 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)63230-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001342813
    119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    120 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1648(96)07365-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006889931
    121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    122 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0890-6955(96)00051-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029935633
    123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    124 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(96)02699-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013092151
    125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    126 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(98)00039-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033883153
    127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    128 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(99)00302-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052625964
    129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    130 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1644-9665(12)60163-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038812126
    131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    132 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.344.485 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072072099
    133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    134 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.33236.37 schema:alternateName University of Bergamo
    135 schema:name Department of Engineering, University of Bergamo, Viale Pasubio, 7b, 24044, Dalmine, BG, Italy
    136 rdf:type schema:Organization
    137 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7637.5 schema:alternateName University of Brescia
    138 schema:name Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia, Via Branze, 38, 25123, Brescia, Italy
    139 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...