Native non-osteoarthritic knees have a highly variable coronal alignment: a systematic review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-08

AUTHORS

Lukas B. Moser, Silvan Hess, Felix Amsler, Henrik Behrend, Michael T. Hirschmann

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Coronal alignment of the knee is defined by the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), the femoral mechanical angle (FMA), the tibial mechanical angle (TMA), and the joint line convergence angle (JLCA). To date, there is still a lack of knowledge about the variability of native coronal knee alignment. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the current literature about the variability of coronal knee alignment (HKA, FMA, TMA, and JLCA) in non-osteoarthritic knees. METHODS: The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched from database inception to search date (November 1, 2018) and screened for relevant studies. The PRISMA guidelines were followed. Inclusion criteria were studies that reported the coronal alignment of the native, non-osteoarthritic knee. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. Thirteen studies performed the measurements on weight-bearing long-leg standing radiographs (LLR), one study used MRI, and one study used the EOS imaging system. The mean HKA ranged from 176.7° ± 2.8° (male) to 180.7° (female). The mean FMA ranged from 92.08° ± 1.78° (female) to 97.2° ± 2.7° (female). The mean TMA ranged from 84.6° ± 2.5° (female) to 89.6° (female). The mean JLCA ranged from - 0.47° ± 0.98° (male) to - 1.9° ± 1.4° (female). CONCLUSION: This systematic review provides a detailed overview about the variability of the coronal knee alignment in non-osteoarthritic knees. The broad variability of all coronal alignment parameters highlights the necessity for a more anatomic and individualized approach in knee arthroplasty. It also offers the fundament to understand the changes in osteoarthritic knees. LEVEL OF CLINICAL EVIDENCE: Systematic review, Level IV. More... »

PAGES

1-9

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013-10. Coronal alignment is a predictor of the rotational geometry of the distal femur in the osteo-arthritic knee in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • 2018-06-30. Due to great variability fixed HKS angle for alignment of the distal cut leads to a significant error in coronal TKA orientation in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • 2018-06. Neutral alignment leads to higher knee society scores after total knee arthroplasty in preoperatively non-varus patients: a prospective clinical study using 3D-CT in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • 2017-11. Coronal femoral TKA position significantly influences in vivo patellar loading in unresurfaced patellae after primary total knee arthroplasty in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • 2014-12. Rotational alignment of the distal femur: anthropometric measurements with CT-based patient-specific instruments planning show high variability of the posterior condylar angle in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • 2012-06. Geometrical values of the normal and arthritic hip and knee detected with the EOS imaging system in INTERNATIONAL ORTHOPAEDICS
  • 2017-03. Bone morphotypes of the varus and valgus knee in ARCHIVES OF ORTHOPAEDIC AND TRAUMA SURGERY
  • 2012-01. The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus in CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH®
  • 2014-11. Collateral Ligament Laxity in Knees: What Is Normal? in CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH®
  • 2018-10. Functional knee phenotypes: a call for a more personalised and individualised approach to total knee arthroplasty? in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112607682

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30848310


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Basel", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen), 4101, Bruderholz, Switzerland", 
                "University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Moser", 
            "givenName": "Lukas B.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Bern", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5734.5", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen), 4101, Bruderholz, Switzerland", 
                "University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hess", 
            "givenName": "Silvan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Amsler Consulting, Basel, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Amsler", 
            "givenName": "Felix", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kantonsspital St. Gallen", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413349.8", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, 9007, St. Gallen, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Behrend", 
            "givenName": "Henrik", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Basel", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen), 4101, Bruderholz, Switzerland", 
                "University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hirschmann", 
            "givenName": "Michael T.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-012-2306-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005579859", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-012-2306-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.20858", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015553304"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.20858", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015553304"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00264-011-1403-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017230447", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-011-1403-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/art.1780301103", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022964262"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2008.05.025", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025551343"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2013.09.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027854365"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/230949901001800105", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029382058"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/230949901001800105", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029382058"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030023755", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030023755", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030023755"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-014-3086-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032752748", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-014-3086-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jajs.2015.11.010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040062631"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2015.12.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044605444"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5792/ksrr.2015.27.1.49", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045532047"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2013.10.024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047137513"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-017-2626-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054088116", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-017-2626-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-017-2626-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054088116", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-017-2626-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160979"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160979"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160979"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160980"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160980"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160980"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b5.25893", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064886679"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197658050-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068886342"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068889460"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068894076"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079095106", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-017-4627-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086310871", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-017-4627-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-017-4627-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086310871", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-017-4627-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2017.05.015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091084236"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-017-4744-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092189130", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-017-4744-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-018-4973-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103908980", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-4973-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-018-5041-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105224776", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5041-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-03-08", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-03-08", 
        "description": "PURPOSE: Coronal alignment of the knee is defined by the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), the femoral mechanical angle (FMA), the tibial mechanical angle (TMA), and the joint line convergence angle (JLCA). To date, there is still a lack of knowledge about the variability of native coronal knee alignment. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of\u00a0the current literature about the variability of coronal knee alignment (HKA, FMA, TMA, and JLCA) in non-osteoarthritic knees.\nMETHODS: The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched from database inception to search date (November 1, 2018) and screened for relevant studies. The PRISMA guidelines were followed. Inclusion criteria were studies that reported the coronal alignment of the native, non-osteoarthritic knee.\nRESULTS: A total of 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. Thirteen studies performed the measurements on weight-bearing long-leg standing radiographs (LLR), one study used MRI, and one study used the EOS imaging system. The mean HKA ranged from 176.7\u00b0\u00a0\u00b1\u00a02.8\u00b0 (male) to 180.7\u00b0 (female). The mean FMA ranged from 92.08\u00b0\u00a0\u00b1\u00a01.78\u00b0 (female) to 97.2\u00b0\u00a0\u00b1\u00a02.7\u00b0 (female). The mean TMA ranged from 84.6\u00b0\u00a0\u00b1\u00a02.5\u00b0 (female) to 89.6\u00b0 (female). The mean JLCA ranged from -\u20090.47\u00b0\u00a0\u00b1\u00a00.98\u00b0 (male) to -\u20091.9\u00b0\u00a0\u00b1\u00a01.4\u00b0 (female).\nCONCLUSION: This systematic review provides a detailed overview about the variability of the coronal knee alignment in non-osteoarthritic knees. The broad variability of all coronal alignment parameters highlights the necessity for a more anatomic and individualized approach in knee arthroplasty. It also offers the fundament to understand the changes in osteoarthritic knees.\nLEVEL OF CLINICAL EVIDENCE: Systematic review, Level IV.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1104512", 
            "issn": [
              "0942-2056", 
              "1433-7347"
            ], 
            "name": "Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Native non-osteoarthritic knees have a highly variable coronal alignment: a systematic review", 
        "pagination": "1-9", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "16cff30e3a67f50e1c3728bc1ad6069c87f84d1ba083d2cdc74ee62c3b6ac633"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "30848310"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "9314730"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1112607682"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112607682"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T11:22", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000354_0000000354/records_11734_00000002.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00167-019-05417-2"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    203 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      59 URIs      18 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
    2 anzsrc-for:1103
    3 schema:author N82639b6334cf42b98ec3d0034e75ae79
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-012-2306-x
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-014-3086-2
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-017-4627-2
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-017-4744-y
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-018-4973-8
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-018-5041-0
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s00264-011-1403-7
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-017-2626-x
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6
    14 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079095106
    15 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657
    16 https://doi.org/10.1002/art.1780301103
    17 https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.20858
    18 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5
    19 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6
    20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2008.05.025
    21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2013.10.024
    22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jajs.2015.11.010
    23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2013.09.008
    24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2015.12.004
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2017.05.015
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1
    27 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00003
    28 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00004
    29 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029
    30 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021
    31 https://doi.org/10.1177/230949901001800105
    32 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b5.25893
    33 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197658050-00001
    34 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016
    35 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014
    36 https://doi.org/10.5792/ksrr.2015.27.1.49
    37 schema:datePublished 2019-03-08
    38 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-03-08
    39 schema:description PURPOSE: Coronal alignment of the knee is defined by the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), the femoral mechanical angle (FMA), the tibial mechanical angle (TMA), and the joint line convergence angle (JLCA). To date, there is still a lack of knowledge about the variability of native coronal knee alignment. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the current literature about the variability of coronal knee alignment (HKA, FMA, TMA, and JLCA) in non-osteoarthritic knees. METHODS: The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched from database inception to search date (November 1, 2018) and screened for relevant studies. The PRISMA guidelines were followed. Inclusion criteria were studies that reported the coronal alignment of the native, non-osteoarthritic knee. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. Thirteen studies performed the measurements on weight-bearing long-leg standing radiographs (LLR), one study used MRI, and one study used the EOS imaging system. The mean HKA ranged from 176.7° ± 2.8° (male) to 180.7° (female). The mean FMA ranged from 92.08° ± 1.78° (female) to 97.2° ± 2.7° (female). The mean TMA ranged from 84.6° ± 2.5° (female) to 89.6° (female). The mean JLCA ranged from - 0.47° ± 0.98° (male) to - 1.9° ± 1.4° (female). CONCLUSION: This systematic review provides a detailed overview about the variability of the coronal knee alignment in non-osteoarthritic knees. The broad variability of all coronal alignment parameters highlights the necessity for a more anatomic and individualized approach in knee arthroplasty. It also offers the fundament to understand the changes in osteoarthritic knees. LEVEL OF CLINICAL EVIDENCE: Systematic review, Level IV.
    40 schema:genre research_article
    41 schema:inLanguage en
    42 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    43 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1104512
    44 schema:name Native non-osteoarthritic knees have a highly variable coronal alignment: a systematic review
    45 schema:pagination 1-9
    46 schema:productId N14941d9eb8874fae9aa6cb52e068ad1d
    47 N9247c3e6a1c94fe38e0fffedd2268fef
    48 Na044d5037d3e4e429ed831e193d6c981
    49 Nde64f421c435431b8812e1f1770d0d4b
    50 Nefe2bb30e0fb4d578aebb1b7d07e0bd6
    51 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112607682
    52 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2
    53 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T11:22
    54 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    55 schema:sdPublisher Nca023de53e2b45d0a5c3cb142201cb4b
    56 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00167-019-05417-2
    57 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    58 sgo:sdDataset articles
    59 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    60 N14941d9eb8874fae9aa6cb52e068ad1d schema:name pubmed_id
    61 schema:value 30848310
    62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    63 N22b4425846744a02a8f309758a7f9fa1 rdf:first N74c3bf5e8f824baa8886964364cc1261
    64 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    65 N276b20f0998045e3952a00b47c10c1d0 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3
    66 schema:familyName Moser
    67 schema:givenName Lukas B.
    68 rdf:type schema:Person
    69 N2db57b53c1164bdba4b04ca72a778934 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5734.5
    70 schema:familyName Hess
    71 schema:givenName Silvan
    72 rdf:type schema:Person
    73 N3364ce1a3b5e441496422a002ed51667 schema:affiliation N8709ab0ab90b4fa3ac9b2bc0188d8279
    74 schema:familyName Amsler
    75 schema:givenName Felix
    76 rdf:type schema:Person
    77 N5a1916695bb0401ea42dd1e054780ace rdf:first Nfbecc933121a49c28d53f385650c0d6b
    78 rdf:rest N22b4425846744a02a8f309758a7f9fa1
    79 N709d9e1214cb44898bc0c7151d712485 rdf:first N2db57b53c1164bdba4b04ca72a778934
    80 rdf:rest N9cb16412470c41cf94eaf77e49e12045
    81 N74c3bf5e8f824baa8886964364cc1261 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3
    82 schema:familyName Hirschmann
    83 schema:givenName Michael T.
    84 rdf:type schema:Person
    85 N82639b6334cf42b98ec3d0034e75ae79 rdf:first N276b20f0998045e3952a00b47c10c1d0
    86 rdf:rest N709d9e1214cb44898bc0c7151d712485
    87 N8709ab0ab90b4fa3ac9b2bc0188d8279 schema:name Amsler Consulting, Basel, Switzerland
    88 rdf:type schema:Organization
    89 N9247c3e6a1c94fe38e0fffedd2268fef schema:name doi
    90 schema:value 10.1007/s00167-019-05417-2
    91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    92 N9cb16412470c41cf94eaf77e49e12045 rdf:first N3364ce1a3b5e441496422a002ed51667
    93 rdf:rest N5a1916695bb0401ea42dd1e054780ace
    94 Na044d5037d3e4e429ed831e193d6c981 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    95 schema:value 9314730
    96 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    97 Nca023de53e2b45d0a5c3cb142201cb4b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    98 rdf:type schema:Organization
    99 Nde64f421c435431b8812e1f1770d0d4b schema:name dimensions_id
    100 schema:value pub.1112607682
    101 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    102 Nefe2bb30e0fb4d578aebb1b7d07e0bd6 schema:name readcube_id
    103 schema:value 16cff30e3a67f50e1c3728bc1ad6069c87f84d1ba083d2cdc74ee62c3b6ac633
    104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    105 Nfbecc933121a49c28d53f385650c0d6b schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413349.8
    106 schema:familyName Behrend
    107 schema:givenName Henrik
    108 rdf:type schema:Person
    109 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    110 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    112 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    113 schema:name Clinical Sciences
    114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    115 sg:journal.1104512 schema:issn 0942-2056
    116 1433-7347
    117 schema:name Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
    118 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    119 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-012-2306-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005579859
    120 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-012-2306-x
    121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    122 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-014-3086-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032752748
    123 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-014-3086-2
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-017-4627-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086310871
    126 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-017-4627-2
    127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    128 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-017-4744-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092189130
    129 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-017-4744-y
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-018-4973-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103908980
    132 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-4973-8
    133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    134 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-018-5041-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105224776
    135 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5041-0
    136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    137 sg:pub.10.1007/s00264-011-1403-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017230447
    138 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-011-1403-7
    139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    140 sg:pub.10.1007/s00402-017-2626-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054088116
    141 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-017-2626-x
    142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    143 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529
    144 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5
    145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    146 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030023755
    147 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6
    148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    149 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079095106 schema:CreativeWork
    150 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657 schema:CreativeWork
    151 https://doi.org/10.1002/art.1780301103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022964262
    152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    153 https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.20858 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015553304
    154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    155 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-014-3865-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030023755
    158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    159 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2008.05.025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025551343
    160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    161 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2013.10.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047137513
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jajs.2015.11.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040062631
    164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    165 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2013.09.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027854365
    166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    167 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2015.12.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044605444
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2017.05.015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091084236
    170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    171 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130
    172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    173 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160979
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198501000-00004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160980
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689
    178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    179 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 https://doi.org/10.1177/230949901001800105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029382058
    182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    183 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b5.25893 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064886679
    184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    185 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197658050-00001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068886342
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068889460
    188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    189 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068894076
    190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    191 https://doi.org/10.5792/ksrr.2015.27.1.49 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045532047
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413349.8 schema:alternateName Kantonsspital St. Gallen
    194 schema:name Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, 9007, St. Gallen, Switzerland
    195 rdf:type schema:Organization
    196 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5734.5 schema:alternateName University of Bern
    197 schema:name Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen), 4101, Bruderholz, Switzerland
    198 University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
    199 rdf:type schema:Organization
    200 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6612.3 schema:alternateName University of Basel
    201 schema:name Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Kantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen), 4101, Bruderholz, Switzerland
    202 University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    203 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...