Tensile forces on sutures in the human lateral knee meniscus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-07-24

AUTHORS

Christian Staerke, Olaf Brettschneider, Karl-Heinz Gröbel, Roland Becker

ABSTRACT

Tensile strength is the most often reported parameter in biomechanical investigations of meniscal repair techniques. However, the magnitude of the tensile forces that actually occur on repaired lesions is not clear. The purpose of this study was to investigate if tensile forces occur on repaired lateral meniscal lesions, which could exceed the failure strength of common repair techniques. In human knees (n = 6), vertical-longitudinal lesions 25 mm in length were created in the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus at a distance of 3 mm from the meniscosynovial junction and the popliteal hiatus. A braided steel wire, resembling a vertical suture, was inserted into the meniscal tissue and fitted with a force transducer. The knees were mounted in an apparatus, which simulated weight bearing and non-weight bearing conditions. Repeated measurements were conducted with both internal and external rotation at flexion angles of 0°, 30°, 60°, 90° and 120°. Weight loading alone caused no tension on the suture. Combined flexion and rotation generated mean forces between 0.5 and 4.1 N. No significant effect of the flexion angle or direction of rotation was found. If a minimum strength of 10 N was assumed for the common meniscal repair techniques, the tensile forces were well below this limit under all circumstances (P < 0.001). These data indicate that, within the range of motion investigated, no significant tensile forces occur on longitudinal lateral lesions. Forces other than tension and biological factors are of greater importance for the healing. Therefore, the assessment of repair techniques should not be based on alone the ability to resist high distraction forces. More... »

PAGES

1354-1359

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-10-09. Failure strength of repair devices versus meniscus suturing techniques in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • 2003-05-20. An anatomical study of meniscal allograft sizing in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • 1979-03. An experimental analysis of injuries to the menisci of the knee joint in INTERNATIONAL ORTHOPAEDICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00167-009-0875-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-009-0875-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012109297

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19629439


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