Effects of neuromuscular blockers on transpulmonary pressures in moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-12-24

AUTHORS

Christophe Guervilly, Magali Bisbal, Jean Marie Forel, Malika Mechati, Samuel Lehingue, Jeremy Bourenne, Gilles Perrin, Romain Rambaud, Melanie Adda, Sami Hraiech, Elisa Marchi, Antoine Roch, Marc Gainnier, Laurent Papazian

ABSTRACT

PurposeTo investigate whether neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) exert beneficial effects in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) by reason of their action on respiratory mechanics, particularly transpulmonary pressures (PL).MethodsA prospective randomised controlled study in patients with moderate to severe ARDS within 48 h of the onset of ARDS. All patients were monitored by means of an oesophageal catheter and followed up for 48 h. Moderate ARDS patients were randomised into two groups according to whether they were given a 48-h continuous infusion of cisatracurium besylate or not (control group). Severe ARDS patients did not undergo randomisation and all received cisatracurium besylate per protocol. The changes during the 48-h study period in oxygenation and in respiratory mechanics, including inspiratory and expiratory PL and driving pressure, were assessed and compared. Delta PL (∆PL) was defined as inspiratory PL minus expiratory PL.ResultsThirty patients were included, 24 with moderate ARDS and 6 with severe ARDS. NMBA infusion was associated with an improvement in oxygenation in both moderate and severe ARDS, accompanied by a decrease in both plateau pressure and total positive end-expiratory pressure. The mean inspiratory and expiratory PL were higher in the moderate ARDS group receiving NMBA than in the control group. In contrast, there was no change in either driving pressure or ∆PL related to NMBA administration.ConclusionsNMBA could exert beneficial effects in patients with moderate ARDS, at least in part, by limiting expiratory efforts. More... »

PAGES

408-418

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00134-016-4653-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-016-4653-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020233298

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28013329


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30 schema:description PurposeTo investigate whether neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) exert beneficial effects in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) by reason of their action on respiratory mechanics, particularly transpulmonary pressures (PL).MethodsA prospective randomised controlled study in patients with moderate to severe ARDS within 48 h of the onset of ARDS. All patients were monitored by means of an oesophageal catheter and followed up for 48 h. Moderate ARDS patients were randomised into two groups according to whether they were given a 48-h continuous infusion of cisatracurium besylate or not (control group). Severe ARDS patients did not undergo randomisation and all received cisatracurium besylate per protocol. The changes during the 48-h study period in oxygenation and in respiratory mechanics, including inspiratory and expiratory PL and driving pressure, were assessed and compared. Delta PL (∆PL) was defined as inspiratory PL minus expiratory PL.ResultsThirty patients were included, 24 with moderate ARDS and 6 with severe ARDS. NMBA infusion was associated with an improvement in oxygenation in both moderate and severe ARDS, accompanied by a decrease in both plateau pressure and total positive end-expiratory pressure. The mean inspiratory and expiratory PL were higher in the moderate ARDS group receiving NMBA than in the control group. In contrast, there was no change in either driving pressure or ∆PL related to NMBA administration.ConclusionsNMBA could exert beneficial effects in patients with moderate ARDS, at least in part, by limiting expiratory efforts.
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