Evaluation of Phytoremediation Potential of Pteris vittata L. on Arsenic Contaminated Soil Using Allium cepa Bioassay View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2021-06-25

AUTHORS

Kiran Gupta, Sudhakar Srivastava, Gauri Saxena, Amit Kumar

ABSTRACT

The present study assessed the utility of Allium cepa based cyto-genotoxicity bioassays in evaluating the arsenic toxicity and remediation potential of Pteris vittata on contaminated soil of Lakhimpur-Kheri district. Untreated and P. vittata treated soil extracts were used for cyto-genotoxicity tests in A. cepa. Results showed that P. vittata extracted high concentration of arsenic, which ranged from 220 to 1420 mgkg−1 in different soils. Cyto-genotoxic assessment of A. cepa showed that extract of P. vittata treated soil had lower cyto-genotoxic effects as compared to untreated soil. A higher mitotic index (10%) while lower mitotic depression (29%), relative abnormality rate (10%), chromosomal aberrations (1%) and micronuclei (2%) were detected in root meristematic cells of A. cepa exposed to remediated soil extract in comparison to untreated soil. The studies provide a simple, rapid and economic cyto-genotoxicity bioassay tool for evaluating toxicity of contaminated soils of contaminated soils as well as revealed the phytoremdiation property of P. vittata against arsenic toxicity. More... »

PAGES

423-429

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00128-021-03291-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03291-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1139149381

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34170357


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