Low birthweight is associated with an increased risk of LADA and type 2 diabetes: results from a Swedish case–control study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-11

AUTHORS

Rebecka Hjort, Lars Alfredsson, Per-Ola Carlsson, Leif Groop, Mats Martinell, Petter Storm, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Sofia Carlsson

ABSTRACT

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to investigate the association between birthweight and latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), a common diabetes form with features of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We used data from the Epidemiological Study of Risk Factors for LADA and Type 2 Diabetes (ESTRID), a Swedish population-based study. Eligible for the analysis were 134 incident LADA cases (glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody [GADA] positive), 350 incident type 2 diabetes cases (GADA negative) and 603 randomly selected controls. We present ORs and 95% CIs for LADA and type 2 diabetes in relation to birthweight, adjusted for sex, age, BMI and family history of diabetes. RESULTS: Low birthweight increased the risk of LADA as well as the risk of type 2 diabetes; OR per kg reduction was estimated as 1.52 (95% CI 1.12, 2.08) and 1.58 (1.23, 2.04), respectively. The OR for participants weighing <3 kg compared with ≥4 kg at birth was estimated as 2.38 (1.23, 4.60) for LADA and 2.37 (1.37, 4.10) for type 2 diabetes. A combination of low birthweight (<3 kg) and current overweight (BMI ≥ 25) further augmented the risk: LADA, OR 3.26 (1.69, 6.29); and type 2 diabetes, OR 39.93 (19.27, 82.71). Family history of diabetes had little impact on these estimates. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Our results suggest that low birthweight may be a risk factor for LADA of the same strength as for type 2 diabetes. These findings support LADA, despite its autoimmune component, having an aetiology that includes factors related to type 2 diabetes. More... »

PAGES

2525-2532

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-015-3711-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-015-3711-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037942103

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26208603


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