Birthweight and risk markers for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in childhood: the Child Heart and Health Study in ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-03

AUTHORS

Claire M. Nightingale, Alicja R. Rudnicka, Christopher G. Owen, Sian L. Newton, Jennifer L. Bales, Angela S. Donin, Cathy M. McKay, Phillip J. Steer, Debbie A. Lawlor, Naveed Sattar, Derek G. Cook, Peter H. Whincup

ABSTRACT

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Lower birthweight (a marker of fetal undernutrition) is associated with higher risks of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and could explain ethnic differences in these diseases. We examined associations between birthweight and risk markers for diabetes and CVD in UK-resident white European, South Asian and black African-Caribbean children. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of risk markers for diabetes and CVD in 9- to 10-year-old children of different ethnic origins, birthweight was obtained from health records and/or parental recall. Associations between birthweight and risk markers were estimated using multilevel linear regression to account for clustering in children from the same school. RESULTS: Key data were available for 3,744 (66%) singleton study participants. In analyses adjusted for age, sex and ethnicity, birthweight was inversely associated with serum urate and positively associated with systolic BP. After additional height adjustment, lower birthweight (per 100 g) was associated with higher serum urate (0.52%; 95% CI 0.38, 0.66), fasting serum insulin (0.41%; 95% CI 0.08, 0.74), HbA1c (0.04%; 95% CI 0.00, 0.08), plasma glucose (0.06%; 95% CI 0.02, 0.10) and serum triacylglycerol (0.30%; 95% CI 0.09, 0.51) but not with BP or blood cholesterol. Birthweight was lower among children of South Asian (231 g lower; 95% CI 183, 280) and black African-Caribbean origin (81 g lower; 95% CI 30, 132). However, adjustment for birthweight had no effect on ethnic differences in risk markers. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Birthweight was inversely associated with urate and with insulin and glycaemia after adjustment for current height. Lower birthweight does not appear to explain emerging ethnic difference in risk markers for diabetes. More... »

PAGES

474-484

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008273177

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25520157


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "African Continental Ancestry Group", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Asian Continental Ancestry Group", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Birth Weight", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Blood Glucose", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cardiovascular Diseases", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cross-Sectional Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "England", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "European Continental Ancestry Group", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Insulin", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Risk Factors", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nightingale", 
        "givenName": "Claire M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01035140307.99", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035140307.99"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rudnicka", 
        "givenName": "Alicja R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01174653625.81", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01174653625.81"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Owen", 
        "givenName": "Christopher G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010303651317.92", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010303651317.92"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Newton", 
        "givenName": "Sian L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0612526235.58", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612526235.58"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bales", 
        "givenName": "Jennifer L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01124210660.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01124210660.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Donin", 
        "givenName": "Angela S.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01222511647.05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01222511647.05"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "McKay", 
        "givenName": "Cathy M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01240437260.75", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01240437260.75"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Imperial College London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2", 
          "name": [
            "Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Steer", 
        "givenName": "Phillip J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01215304157.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01215304157.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Bristol", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2", 
          "name": [
            "MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK", 
            "School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lawlor", 
        "givenName": "Debbie A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016703264637.69", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016703264637.69"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Glasgow", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8756.c", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sattar", 
        "givenName": "Naveed", 
        "id": "sg:person.01026114310.09", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01026114310.09"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cook", 
        "givenName": "Derek G.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011226326552.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011226326552.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St George's, University of London", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2", 
          "name": [
            "Population Health Research Institute, St George\u2019s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Whincup", 
        "givenName": "Peter H.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0643003063.51", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643003063.51"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076426", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002236834"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2011.11.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002283567"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.12016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003931069"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.1995.tb02057.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004417101"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.1995.tb02057.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004417101"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004872-198910000-00010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005404527"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00004872-198910000-00010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005404527"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007494668"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc09-0288", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010655978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(02)09834-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014986887"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-011-2235-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015803557", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-011-2235-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-011-2235-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015803557", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-011-2235-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01551.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017738769"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01551.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017738769"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-0057", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018327455"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2003.09.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019376314"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2010.29533", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019556799"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2012-201891", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021154553"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dys190", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022552626"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000263", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024400204"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200x.2007.02333.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028595045"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200x.2007.02333.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028595045"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.292.22.2755", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029099240"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdm010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030077517"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.319.7204.245", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030750676"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/hjh.0b013e32835837c9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032201316"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/hjh.0b013e32835837c9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032201316"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc09-1393", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032645676"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/hypertensionaha.111.01030", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033019383"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/hypertensionaha.111.01030", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033019383"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00126097-200104000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033363423"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00126097-200104000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033363423"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp176", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034958630"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-1726", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038837221"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250050681", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039228696", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250050681"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001250050681", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039228696", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250050681"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2008.886", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046284374"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.24.12.2035", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049788367"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-1263", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050920737"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1079/pns19980018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052628395"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/01.hyp.0000223446.49596.3a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052893699"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/01.hyp.0000223446.49596.3a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052893699"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1038/ajh.2009.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056440618"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diabetes.48.12.2422", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070744051"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.21.12.2191", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070748075"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5694/mja13.10200", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073073348"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5694/mja13.10200", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073073348"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/134.1.205", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076620021"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/85.5.1244", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077415624"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077729547", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082306119", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2015-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2015-03-01", 
    "description": "AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Lower birthweight (a marker of fetal undernutrition) is associated with higher risks of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and could explain ethnic differences in these diseases. We examined associations between birthweight and risk markers for diabetes and CVD in UK-resident white European, South Asian and black African-Caribbean children.\nMETHODS: In a cross-sectional study of risk markers for diabetes and CVD in 9- to 10-year-old children of different ethnic origins, birthweight was obtained from health records and/or parental recall. Associations between birthweight and risk markers were estimated using multilevel linear regression to account for clustering in children from the same school.\nRESULTS: Key data were available for 3,744 (66%) singleton study participants. In analyses adjusted for age, sex and ethnicity, birthweight was inversely associated with serum urate and positively associated with systolic BP. After additional height adjustment, lower birthweight (per 100 g) was associated with higher serum urate (0.52%; 95% CI 0.38, 0.66), fasting serum insulin (0.41%; 95% CI 0.08, 0.74), HbA1c (0.04%; 95% CI 0.00, 0.08), plasma glucose (0.06%; 95% CI 0.02, 0.10) and serum triacylglycerol (0.30%; 95% CI 0.09, 0.51) but not with BP or blood cholesterol. Birthweight was lower among children of South Asian (231 g lower; 95% CI 183, 280) and black African-Caribbean origin (81 g lower; 95% CI 30, 132). However, adjustment for birthweight had no effect on ethnic differences in risk markers.\nCONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Birthweight was inversely associated with urate and with insulin and glycaemia after adjustment for current height. Lower birthweight does not appear to explain emerging ethnic difference in risk markers for diabetes.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3626777", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2784230", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3560227", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.5153199", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1001482", 
        "issn": [
          "0012-186X", 
          "1432-0428"
        ], 
        "name": "Diabetologia", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "58"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Birthweight and risk markers for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in childhood: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)", 
    "pagination": "474-484", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "2769e5d3240f64efb1e73dbd76ebf9a1544d3f661f7621d75314bef2f8a8c4fa"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "25520157"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0006777"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1008273177"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008273177"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:57", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000347_0000000347/records_89807_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00125-014-3474-7"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

344 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      84 URIs      36 LITERALS      24 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7 schema:about N09fd83b849654e409ce975fa2fea957f
2 N416b17d8bf80429483ab7f067a410880
3 N42fcff7b44d742eeaf4bcde9fa99cf7c
4 N5310ccb1648f4ba9934286677f468048
5 N7655368156aa4806a078c08fa389626f
6 N7f4307a5c02e4c0d92681cb596f170c0
7 N83115f388819485388afff524a3ab460
8 N90475caa90624be2b1c8db563f8d8808
9 Na5679715842842e8923c3a5959297811
10 Nc6da98c0babe464084444fb16cab9c25
11 Nc8af30c0580540e983ed4be192f5b46a
12 Nd8b57739690d4e659dab2ed0a0fd3f96
13 Ne94b3af189b44f72b5d48d39e2e47d27
14 Nf7df7b6a9b9b4875baf0cef73a089ecf
15 Nfabd02961c2c45a5843ef9b45668c161
16 anzsrc-for:11
17 anzsrc-for:1117
18 schema:author N18038dbec5b34756ad8d31edfd112f24
19 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-011-2235-0
20 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250050681
21 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077729547
22 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082306119
23 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2008.886
24 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.292.22.2755
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2003.09.014
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2011.11.014
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(02)09834-3
28 https://doi.org/10.1038/ajh.2009.12
29 https://doi.org/10.1079/pns19980018
30 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/85.5.1244
31 https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi002
32 https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp176
33 https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dys190
34 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/134.1.205
35 https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdm010
36 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004872-198910000-00010
37 https://doi.org/10.1097/00126097-200104000-00007
38 https://doi.org/10.1097/hjh.0b013e32835837c9
39 https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.12016
40 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200x.2007.02333.x
41 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.1995.tb02057.x
42 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01551.x
43 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.319.7204.245
44 https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2012-201891
45 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.hyp.0000223446.49596.3a
46 https://doi.org/10.1161/hypertensionaha.111.01030
47 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000263
48 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076426
49 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-0057
50 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc09-0288
51 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc09-1393
52 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-1726
53 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-1263
54 https://doi.org/10.2337/diabetes.48.12.2422
55 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.21.12.2191
56 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.24.12.2035
57 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2010.29533
58 https://doi.org/10.5694/mja13.10200
59 schema:datePublished 2015-03
60 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-03-01
61 schema:description AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Lower birthweight (a marker of fetal undernutrition) is associated with higher risks of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and could explain ethnic differences in these diseases. We examined associations between birthweight and risk markers for diabetes and CVD in UK-resident white European, South Asian and black African-Caribbean children. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of risk markers for diabetes and CVD in 9- to 10-year-old children of different ethnic origins, birthweight was obtained from health records and/or parental recall. Associations between birthweight and risk markers were estimated using multilevel linear regression to account for clustering in children from the same school. RESULTS: Key data were available for 3,744 (66%) singleton study participants. In analyses adjusted for age, sex and ethnicity, birthweight was inversely associated with serum urate and positively associated with systolic BP. After additional height adjustment, lower birthweight (per 100 g) was associated with higher serum urate (0.52%; 95% CI 0.38, 0.66), fasting serum insulin (0.41%; 95% CI 0.08, 0.74), HbA1c (0.04%; 95% CI 0.00, 0.08), plasma glucose (0.06%; 95% CI 0.02, 0.10) and serum triacylglycerol (0.30%; 95% CI 0.09, 0.51) but not with BP or blood cholesterol. Birthweight was lower among children of South Asian (231 g lower; 95% CI 183, 280) and black African-Caribbean origin (81 g lower; 95% CI 30, 132). However, adjustment for birthweight had no effect on ethnic differences in risk markers. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Birthweight was inversely associated with urate and with insulin and glycaemia after adjustment for current height. Lower birthweight does not appear to explain emerging ethnic difference in risk markers for diabetes.
62 schema:genre research_article
63 schema:inLanguage en
64 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
65 schema:isPartOf N09eb14e0609048a99189b57049aacc59
66 N2b78c5bf25514afa8c1bac51a25922f3
67 sg:journal.1001482
68 schema:name Birthweight and risk markers for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in childhood: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE)
69 schema:pagination 474-484
70 schema:productId N2af32aa5326049458e833f8d218577c1
71 N3df34ff055d84a39b40d33e1e5f80fba
72 N4827a57e918a4ae08e570bab697953a1
73 Na3213bec981745769ce33dab0cbb4ada
74 Nb0dc71e95e394680a69303349a6af9e6
75 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008273177
76 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7
77 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:57
78 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
79 schema:sdPublisher Nb97d2bd3b2054447aeb2587baa2451f6
80 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00125-014-3474-7
81 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
82 sgo:sdDataset articles
83 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
84 N09eb14e0609048a99189b57049aacc59 schema:volumeNumber 58
85 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
86 N09fd83b849654e409ce975fa2fea957f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
87 schema:name African Continental Ancestry Group
88 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
89 N0f1239fa9524473b9e3118c77a423efa rdf:first sg:person.0643003063.51
90 rdf:rest rdf:nil
91 N150db77a2008430cacf32a55bdd503f0 rdf:first sg:person.0612526235.58
92 rdf:rest Nbe2d6d9d835a4e37aae94770dbccc294
93 N18038dbec5b34756ad8d31edfd112f24 rdf:first sg:person.01035140307.99
94 rdf:rest N8d55ed6872334024a4763b57193b271d
95 N2a9a761a6d1e4c00bf2a1427b055b5b6 rdf:first sg:person.011226326552.39
96 rdf:rest N0f1239fa9524473b9e3118c77a423efa
97 N2af32aa5326049458e833f8d218577c1 schema:name readcube_id
98 schema:value 2769e5d3240f64efb1e73dbd76ebf9a1544d3f661f7621d75314bef2f8a8c4fa
99 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
100 N2b78c5bf25514afa8c1bac51a25922f3 schema:issueNumber 3
101 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
102 N3df34ff055d84a39b40d33e1e5f80fba schema:name pubmed_id
103 schema:value 25520157
104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
105 N416b17d8bf80429483ab7f067a410880 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
106 schema:name Humans
107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
108 N42fcff7b44d742eeaf4bcde9fa99cf7c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
109 schema:name Child
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 N4827a57e918a4ae08e570bab697953a1 schema:name dimensions_id
112 schema:value pub.1008273177
113 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
114 N5310ccb1648f4ba9934286677f468048 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
115 schema:name Birth Weight
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 N7655368156aa4806a078c08fa389626f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
118 schema:name Cross-Sectional Studies
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 N7f4307a5c02e4c0d92681cb596f170c0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
121 schema:name Asian Continental Ancestry Group
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 N83115f388819485388afff524a3ab460 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
124 schema:name Risk Factors
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 N8d55ed6872334024a4763b57193b271d rdf:first sg:person.01174653625.81
127 rdf:rest Na0d54da4f9064a2d87903ac3d3940e5e
128 N90475caa90624be2b1c8db563f8d8808 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 N9d80f4f4c75e4eb99eb4e25796a02ec1 rdf:first sg:person.01215304157.43
132 rdf:rest Ne82b1fcc1c45476d9be75ae79793f860
133 Na0d54da4f9064a2d87903ac3d3940e5e rdf:first sg:person.010303651317.92
134 rdf:rest N150db77a2008430cacf32a55bdd503f0
135 Na3213bec981745769ce33dab0cbb4ada schema:name nlm_unique_id
136 schema:value 0006777
137 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
138 Na5679715842842e8923c3a5959297811 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
139 schema:name Insulin
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 Nab672e412f8949a2bf4d62505b7134e0 rdf:first sg:person.01026114310.09
142 rdf:rest N2a9a761a6d1e4c00bf2a1427b055b5b6
143 Naf1f5c6d852c43f2bcc9dc0dfa9be12f rdf:first sg:person.01240437260.75
144 rdf:rest N9d80f4f4c75e4eb99eb4e25796a02ec1
145 Nb0dc71e95e394680a69303349a6af9e6 schema:name doi
146 schema:value 10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7
147 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
148 Nb97d2bd3b2054447aeb2587baa2451f6 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
149 rdf:type schema:Organization
150 Nbe2d6d9d835a4e37aae94770dbccc294 rdf:first sg:person.01124210660.19
151 rdf:rest Nfa81aee22d64440790a89829ac46b670
152 Nc6da98c0babe464084444fb16cab9c25 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
153 schema:name European Continental Ancestry Group
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 Nc8af30c0580540e983ed4be192f5b46a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
156 schema:name Cardiovascular Diseases
157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
158 Nd8b57739690d4e659dab2ed0a0fd3f96 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
159 schema:name Female
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 Ne82b1fcc1c45476d9be75ae79793f860 rdf:first sg:person.016703264637.69
162 rdf:rest Nab672e412f8949a2bf4d62505b7134e0
163 Ne94b3af189b44f72b5d48d39e2e47d27 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
164 schema:name Blood Glucose
165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
166 Nf7df7b6a9b9b4875baf0cef73a089ecf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
167 schema:name England
168 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
169 Nfa81aee22d64440790a89829ac46b670 rdf:first sg:person.01222511647.05
170 rdf:rest Naf1f5c6d852c43f2bcc9dc0dfa9be12f
171 Nfabd02961c2c45a5843ef9b45668c161 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
172 schema:name Male
173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
174 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
175 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
177 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
178 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
179 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
180 sg:grant.2784230 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7
181 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
182 sg:grant.3560227 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7
183 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
184 sg:grant.3626777 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7
185 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
186 sg:grant.5153199 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-014-3474-7
187 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
188 sg:journal.1001482 schema:issn 0012-186X
189 1432-0428
190 schema:name Diabetologia
191 rdf:type schema:Periodical
192 sg:person.01026114310.09 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8756.c
193 schema:familyName Sattar
194 schema:givenName Naveed
195 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01026114310.09
196 rdf:type schema:Person
197 sg:person.010303651317.92 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
198 schema:familyName Owen
199 schema:givenName Christopher G.
200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010303651317.92
201 rdf:type schema:Person
202 sg:person.01035140307.99 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
203 schema:familyName Nightingale
204 schema:givenName Claire M.
205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035140307.99
206 rdf:type schema:Person
207 sg:person.011226326552.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
208 schema:familyName Cook
209 schema:givenName Derek G.
210 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011226326552.39
211 rdf:type schema:Person
212 sg:person.01124210660.19 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
213 schema:familyName Bales
214 schema:givenName Jennifer L.
215 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01124210660.19
216 rdf:type schema:Person
217 sg:person.01174653625.81 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
218 schema:familyName Rudnicka
219 schema:givenName Alicja R.
220 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01174653625.81
221 rdf:type schema:Person
222 sg:person.01215304157.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2
223 schema:familyName Steer
224 schema:givenName Phillip J.
225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01215304157.43
226 rdf:type schema:Person
227 sg:person.01222511647.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
228 schema:familyName Donin
229 schema:givenName Angela S.
230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01222511647.05
231 rdf:type schema:Person
232 sg:person.01240437260.75 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
233 schema:familyName McKay
234 schema:givenName Cathy M.
235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01240437260.75
236 rdf:type schema:Person
237 sg:person.016703264637.69 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2
238 schema:familyName Lawlor
239 schema:givenName Debbie A.
240 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016703264637.69
241 rdf:type schema:Person
242 sg:person.0612526235.58 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
243 schema:familyName Newton
244 schema:givenName Sian L.
245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612526235.58
246 rdf:type schema:Person
247 sg:person.0643003063.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2
248 schema:familyName Whincup
249 schema:givenName Peter H.
250 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643003063.51
251 rdf:type schema:Person
252 sg:pub.10.1007/s00125-011-2235-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015803557
253 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-011-2235-0
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 sg:pub.10.1007/s001250050681 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039228696
256 https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250050681
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077729547 schema:CreativeWork
259 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082306119 schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2008.886 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046284374
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.292.22.2755 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029099240
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2003.09.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019376314
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2011.11.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002283567
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(02)09834-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014986887
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1038/ajh.2009.12 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056440618
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1079/pns19980018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052628395
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/85.5.1244 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077415624
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwi002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007494668
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034958630
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dys190 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022552626
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/134.1.205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076620021
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdm010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030077517
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004872-198910000-00010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005404527
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.1097/00126097-200104000-00007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033363423
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.1097/hjh.0b013e32835837c9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032201316
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.12016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003931069
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200x.2007.02333.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028595045
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.1995.tb02057.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004417101
297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
298 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01551.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017738769
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.319.7204.245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030750676
301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
302 https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2012-201891 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021154553
303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
304 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.hyp.0000223446.49596.3a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052893699
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 https://doi.org/10.1161/hypertensionaha.111.01030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033019383
307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
308 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000263 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024400204
309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
310 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0076426 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002236834
311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
312 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc06-0057 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018327455
313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
314 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc09-0288 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010655978
315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
316 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc09-1393 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032645676
317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
318 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-1726 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038837221
319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
320 https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-1263 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050920737
321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
322 https://doi.org/10.2337/diabetes.48.12.2422 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070744051
323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
324 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.21.12.2191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070748075
325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
326 https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.24.12.2035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049788367
327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
328 https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2010.29533 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019556799
329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
330 https://doi.org/10.5694/mja13.10200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073073348
331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
332 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264200.2 schema:alternateName St George's, University of London
333 schema:name Population Health Research Institute, St George’s University of London, Cranmer Terrace, SW17 0RE, London, UK
334 rdf:type schema:Organization
335 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5337.2 schema:alternateName University of Bristol
336 schema:name MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
337 School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
338 rdf:type schema:Organization
339 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2 schema:alternateName Imperial College London
340 schema:name Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imperial College London, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK
341 rdf:type schema:Organization
342 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8756.c schema:alternateName University of Glasgow
343 schema:name Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK
344 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...