Oligopeptides stimulate glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion in mice through proton-coupled uptake and the calcium-sensing receptor View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Eleftheria Diakogiannaki, Ramona Pais, Gwen Tolhurst, Helen E. Parker, James Horscroft, Beate Rauscher, Tamara Zietek, Hannelore Daniel, Fiona M. Gribble, Frank Reimann

ABSTRACT

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Ingested protein is a well-recognised stimulus for glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) release from intestinal L cells. This study aimed to characterise the molecular mechanisms employed by L cells to detect oligopeptides. METHODS: GLP-1 secretion from murine primary colonic cultures and Ca(2+) dynamics in L cells were monitored in response to peptones and dipeptides. L cells were identified and purified based on their cell-specific expression of the fluorescent protein Venus, using GLU-Venus transgenic mice. Pharmacological tools and knockout mice were used to characterise candidate sensory pathways identified by expression analysis. RESULTS: GLP-1 secretion was triggered by peptones and di-/tripeptides, including the non-metabolisable glycine-sarcosine (Gly-Sar). Two sensory mechanisms involving peptide transporter-1 (PEPT1) and the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) were distinguishable. Responses to Gly-Sar (10 mmol/l) were abolished in the absence of extracellular Ca(2+) or by the L-type calcium-channel blocker nifedipine (10 μmol/l) and were PEPT1-dependent, as demonstrated by their sensitivity to pH and 4-aminomethylbenzoic acid and the finding of impaired responses in tissue from Pept1 (also known as Slc15a1) knockout mice. Peptone (5 mg/ml)-stimulated Ca(2+) responses were insensitive to nifedipine but were blocked by antagonists of CaSR. Peptone-stimulated GLP-1 secretion was not impaired in mice lacking the putative peptide-responsive receptor lysophosphatidic acid receptor 5 (LPAR5; also known as GPR92/93). CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Oligopeptides stimulate GLP-1 secretion through PEPT1-dependent electrogenic uptake and activation of CaSR. Both pathways are highly expressed in native L cells, and likely contribute to the ability of ingested protein to elevate plasma GLP-1 levels. Targeting nutrient-sensing pathways in L cells could be used to mobilise endogenous GLP-1 stores in humans, and could mimic some of the metabolic benefits of bariatric surgery. More... »

PAGES

2688-2696

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-013-3037-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-013-3037-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037486088

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24045836


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