Salt supplementation blunts the blood pressure response to telmisartan with or without hydrochlorothiazide in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-07

AUTHORS

E. I. Ekinci, G. Thomas, R. J. MacIsaac, C. Johnson, C. Houlihan, S. Panagiotopoulos, E. Premaratne, H. Hao, S. Finch, C. O’Callaghan, G. Jerums

ABSTRACT

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We assessed the effects of sodium chloride (NaCl) supplementation on the blood pressure response to treatment with telmisartan with or without hydrochlorothiazide in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes and habitually high (HDS, sodium excretion >200 mmol/24 h on two out of three consecutive occasions) or low (LDS, sodium excretion <100 mmol/24 h on two out of three consecutive occasions) salt intake. METHODS: Patients received 4 weeks of telmisartan followed by 4 weeks of telmisartan plus hydrochlorothiazide. In a double-blind randomised fashion, patients received sodium chloride (NaCl, 100 mmol/24 h) or placebo capsules in addition to their habitual salt intake during the last 2 weeks of telmisartan and telmisartan plus hydrochlorothiazide therapy. The protocol was repeated with NaCl and placebo capsules administered in reverse order to allow each participant to act as his or her own control. At 0, 4, 8, 14, 18 and 22 weeks, 24 h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and 24 h urine collections were performed. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were seen in the ABP response in the LDS vs HDS groups to any of the interventions (p = 0.58). NaCl supplementation reduced the effect of telmisartan with or without hydrochlorothiazide on systolic BP by approximately 50% (-5.8 mmHg during NaCl supplementation vs -11.3 mmHg during placebo, mean difference 5.6 mmHg [95% CI 1.7-9.4 mmHg], p = 0.005), irrespective of habitual salt intake. By contrast, addition of hydrochlorothiazide increased the antihypertensive effect of telmisartan on systolic BP by approximately 35% (p = 0.048) in both groups of patients. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: NaCl supplementation blunts the effectiveness of telmisartan with or without hydrochlorothiazide in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes, independently of habitual low or high salt intake. More... »

PAGES

1295-1303

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-010-1711-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-010-1711-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001568322

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20372874


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-010-1711-2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-010-1711-2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-010-1711-2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-010-1711-2'


 

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