The –174 IL-6 GG genotype is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a family sample ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2005-08

AUTHORS

A. Herbert, C. Liu, S. Karamohamed, J. Schiller, J. Liu, Q. Yang, P. W. F. Wilson, L. A. Cupples, J. B. Meigs

ABSTRACT

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We evaluated the -174 IL-6 gene polymorphism as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus in a family-based analysis. METHODS: We tested for associations between the -174 IL-6 G/C promoter polymorphism and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and type 2 diabetes in a sample of 1,428 individuals from the largest 182 families in the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's Framingham Heart Study population. RESULTS: A significant association was found with FPG (p=0.01) and log (FPG) (p=0.005) using a modified family-based transmission disequilibrium test, the family-based association test (FBAT). The association between IL-6 genotype and FPG (p=0.035) and log (FPG) (p=0.03) was also found in the subset of families that were informative in FBAT using a mixed-effects regression model and strengthened after adjustment for potential confounders (p=0.008 for log [FPG]). The mean glucose level estimated from models with log (FPG) as the dependent variable for the GG genotype in the informative families was significantly lower (5.20+/-0.06 mmol/l) than for the GC (5.41+/-0.06 mmol/l) and CC (5.38+/-0.06 mmol/l) genotypes (p=0.03 for contrast between GG and GC genotypes). In the subset of informative families, the risk of type 2 diabetes associated with the GG genotype was lower relative to the GC and CC genotypes combined (potential confounder-adjusted, mixed-effects odds ratio 0.35, 95% CI 0.14-0.88, p=0.026, unaffected n=391, affected n=32). CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: These results are consistent with a protective role for the -174 IL-6 G allele against type 2 diabetes and warrant further analysis of this polymorphism. More... »

PAGES

1492-1495

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00125-005-1830-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00125-005-1830-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003681947

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15965659


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