Mapping QTLs controlling grain yield and its components on chromosome 5A of wheat View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2000-11

AUTHORS

K. Kato, H. Miura, S. Sawada

ABSTRACT

Chromosome 5A of wheat is known to carry a number of genes affecting adaptability and productivity. To localize quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling grain yield and its components, an RFLP map was constructed from 118 single-chromosome recombinant lines derived from the F1 between Chinese Spring (Cappelle-Desprez 5A) and Chinese Spring (Triticum spelta 5A). The map was combined with the field-trial data scored over 3 years. A total of five regions in chromosome 5A contributed effects on yield traits. Increases in grain yield, 50-grain weight and spikelet number/ear were determined by complementary QTL alleles from both parents. The effects associated with the vernalization requirement gene Vrn-A1 or a closely linked QTL were significant only in the favorable growing season where the later-flowering vrn-A1 allele from Cappelle-Desprez 5A produced a higher tiller number/plant and spikelet number/ear. The effects of the ear morphology gene q or closely linked QTL(s) were detected for grain yield and ear grain weight. Three other QTLs with minor effects were dispersed along chromosome 5A. These QTLs had large interactions with years due to changes in the magnitude of the significant response. The alleles from T. spelta, however, conferred a higher yield performance. More... »

PAGES

1114-1121

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s001220051587

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001220051587

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022550869


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