Somatic cell hybridization of ’oxy’ CMS Brassica juncea (AABB) with B. oleracea (CC) for correction of chlorosis and transfer of ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2000-05

AUTHORS

N. Arumugam, A. Mukhopadhyay, V. Gupta, Y. S. Sodhi, J. K. Verma, D. Pental, A. K. Pradhan

ABSTRACT

Alloplasmic lines of cultivated Brassica species with B. oxyrrhina cytoplasm are male-sterile and suffer from severe chlorosis. We developed male-sterile lines corrected for chlorosis by fusing protoplasts of CMS B. juncea (AABB) with ’oxy’ cytoplasm and normal B. oleracea (CC). A large number of male-sterile AABBCC somatic hybrids with desirable organelle combinations, i.e. chloroplasts of B. oleracea and mitochondria with recombinant genomes, were recovered. While no recombination was observed in the chloroplast genome, the mitochondrial genome showed extensive recombination that resulted in the appearance of totally novel banding patterns in some of the hybrids. Hybrids with a parental-type mitochondrial genome as well as recombinant patterns close to either of the parental types were also obtained. Using AABBCC somatic hybrids as bridging material, we transferred the desirable organelle combinations to B. juncea (AABB), B. napus (AACC), and B. carinata (BBCC). Many of these lines are now at advanced stages of backcrossing and show stable inheritance of the CMS character and do not suffer from chlorosis. More... »

PAGES

1043-1049

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s001220051385

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001220051385

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049362525


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