Average effect of a mutation in lignin biosynthesis in loblolly pine View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-08

AUTHORS

R. L. Wu, D. L. Remington, J. J. MacKay, S. E. McKeand, D. M. O’Malley

ABSTRACT

Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD, E.C. 1.1.1.195) is a monolignol biosynthetic enzyme that catalyzes the final step of lignin subunit biosynthesis in higher plants. Recently, a mutant allele of the cad gene, cad-n1, encoding for the CAD enzyme, was discovered in loblolly pine. By reducing the expression of the cad gene, this mutant has a decreased lignin content and major changes in the lignin composition in wood. In this study, we found that the substitution of a wild-type allele by cad-n1 was associated with a significant effect on 2nd-year shoot elongation in a half-sib family of loblolly pine (designated family 7–1037). The average effect of cad-n1 appeared to increase with tree growth and was greater for stem radial growth than height growth. An increase of 14.1% in de-barked volume in year 4 was associated with cad-n1. Co-segregation analysis indicated that the cad locus itself might represent a gene that governs stem growth in pine. The significance of the mutation cad-n1 for tree growth and wood processing is discussed. More... »

PAGES

705-710

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s001220051287

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001220051287

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016943284

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22665208


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