Genetic diversity of French common wheat germplasm based on gliadin alleles View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1998-02

AUTHORS

E. V. Metakovsky, G. Branlard

ABSTRACT

Analysis of gliadin electrophoretic (APAGE) patterns made it possible to identify 79 alleles at six Gli-1 and Gli-2 loci (from 9 to 18 per locus) and 173 gliadin genotypes in the 187 French common wheat cultivars considered. Six new alleles were registered in the catalogue of gliadin alleles. The genetic diversity of French common wheats was found to be high (H=0.714) and had not changed much during the last 25–50 years. Analysis of genetic distances showed some gradual changes in French wheat germplasm over the course of time. Genetic distances between French and several European wheat germplasm were analysed; genotypes of European wheats were found to relate very distantly to Canadian genotypes. The considerable differentiation of wheat genotypes from different countries and cereal companies might be caused by breeders’ personal preferences and by hidden natural selection specific to each local environment. In French cultivars, genetic variation in earliness, and in the North/South habit of the cultivars studied, correlated significantly with allelic variation at Gli-B1, Gli-A2 and Gli-D2 for earliness, and at Gli-D2 for the North/ South habit. Early and late cultivars are grown mainly in Southern and Northern France, respectively (r2=0.30). Cultivars having either the 1B/1R translocation or allele Gli-D2g are, on average, later and more resistant to cold; they hence are grown in the North of France. Alternatively, cultivars with the allele Gli-D2m are earlier and cold-sensitive, and are grown in the South of France. More... »

PAGES

209-218

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s001220050729

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001220050729

DIMENSIONS

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