Chromosomal loci associated with endosperm hardness in a malting barley cross View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2010-09-10

AUTHORS

Cassandra K. Walker, J. F. Panozzo, R. Ford, P. Eckermann, D. Moody, A. Lehmensiek, R. Appels

ABSTRACT

A breeding objective for the malting barley industry is to produce lines with softer, plumper grain containing moderate protein content (9–12%) as they are more likely to imbibe water readily and contain more starch per grain, which in turn produces higher levels of malt extract. In a malting barley mapping population, ‘Arapiles’ × ‘Franklin’, the most significant and robust quantitative trait locus (QTL) for endosperm hardness was observed on the short arm of chromosome 1H, across three environments over two growing seasons. This accounted for 22.6% (Horsham 2000), 26.8% (Esperance 2001), and 12.0% (Tarranyurk 2001) of the genetic variance and significantly increased endosperm hardness by 2.06–3.03 SKCS hardness units. Interestingly, Arapiles and Franklin do not vary in Ha locus alleles. Therefore, this region, near the centromere on chromosome 1H, may be of great importance when aiming to manipulate endosperm hardness and malting quality. Interestingly, this region, close to the centromere on chromosome 1H, in our study, aligns with the region of the genome that includes the HvCslF9 and the HvGlb1 genes. Potentially, one or both of these genes could be considered to be candidate genes that influence endosperm hardness in the barley grain. Additional QTLs for endosperm hardness were detected on chromosomes 2H, 3H, 6H and 7H, confirming that the hardness trait in barley is complex and multigenic, similar to many malting quality traits of interest. More... »

PAGES

151-162

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-10-03. Genetic analysis of grain protein-content, grain yield and thousand-kernel weight in bread wheat in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2002-03. Puroindolines: the molecular genetic basis of wheat grain hardness in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2002-06-21. Mapping QTLs for grain hardness and puroindoline content in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2001-12. Identification and molecular characterisation of hordoindolines from barley grain in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2007-11-30. Molecular genetics of puroindolines and related genes: allelic diversity in wheat and other grasses in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2000-05. A leucine to proline mutation in puroindoline b is frequently present in hard wheats from Northern Europe in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2004-09-09. QTL mapping of chromosomal regions conferring reproductive frost tolerance in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1995-11. Mapping of β-glucan content and β-glucanase activity loci in barley grain and malt in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1995-02. Barley microsatellites: allele variation and mapping in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1994-04. Triticum aestivum puroindolines, two basic cystine-rich seed proteins: cDNA sequence analysis and developmental gene expression in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2001-05. Mapping and sequence analysis of barley hordoindolines in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2009-10-14. A barley Hordoindoline mutation resulted in an increase in grain hardness in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00122-010-1431-5

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-010-1431-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033208619

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20830465


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