Haplotype analysis of vernalization loci in European barley germplasm reveals novel VRN-H1 alleles and a predominant winter VRN-H1/VRN-H2 multi-locus haplotype View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2007-11

AUTHORS

James Cockram, Elena Chiapparino, Scott A. Taylor, Konstantina Stamati, Paolo Donini, David A. Laurie, Donal M. O’Sullivan

ABSTRACT

In barley, variation in the requirement for vernalization (an extended period of low temperature before flowering can occur) is determined by the VRN-H1, -H2 and -H3 loci. In European cultivated germplasm, most variation in vernalization requirement is accounted for by alleles at VRN-H1 and VRN-H2 only, but the range of allelic variation is largely unexplored. Here we characterise VRN-H1 and VRN-H2 haplotypes in 429 varieties representing a large portion of the acreage sown to barley in Western Europe over the last 60 years. Analysis of genotype, intron I sequencing data and growth habit tests identified three novel VRN-H1 alleles and determined the most frequent VRN-H1 intron I rearrangements. Combined analysis of VRN-H1 and VRN-H2 alleles resulted in the classification of seventeen VRN-H1/VRN-H2 multi-locus haplotypes, three of which account for 79% of varieties. The molecular markers employed here represent powerful diagnostic tools for prediction of growth habit and assessment of varietal purity. These markers will also allow development of germplasm to test the behaviour of individual alleles with the aim of understanding the relationship between allelic variation and adaptation to specific agri-environments. More... »

PAGES

993-1001

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2000-04. Cloning, mapping and expression analysis of barley MADS-box genes in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2005-05. The Vrn-H2 locus is a major determinant of flowering time in a facultative × winter growth habit barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) mapping population in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1997-09. Comparative genetics of flowering time in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2005-03. Large deletions within the first intron in VRN-1 are associated with spring growth habit in barley and wheat in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1998-10. Comparative RFLP mapping of Triticum monococcum genes controlling vernalization requirement in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2007-03. Validation of the VRN-H2/VRN-H1 epistatic model in barley reveals that intron length variation in VRN-H1 may account for a continuum of vernalization sensitivity in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1993-01. Genetic constitution for spring growth habit and some other characters in barley cultivars in the Mediterranean coastal regions in EUPHYTICA
  • 2006-11. Distribution of β-amylase I haplotypes among European cultivated barleys in MOLECULAR BREEDING
  • 2006-05. Positional relationships between photoperiod response QTL and photoreceptor and vernalization genes in barley in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2005-05. Molecular characterization of the allelic variation at the VRN-H2 vernalization locus in barley in MOLECULAR BREEDING
  • 2005-10. Molecular and Structural Characterization of Barley Vernalization Genes in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 2006-03. Effect of Photoperiod on the Regulation of Wheat Vernalization Genes VRN1 and VRN2 in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00122-007-0626-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-007-0626-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000732460

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17713756


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