A new cytoplasmic male sterility system for hybrid seed production in Indian oilseed mustard Brassica juncea View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2006-12

AUTHORS

Y. S. Sodhi, A. Chandra, J. K. Verma, N. Arumugam, A. Mukhopadhyay, V. Gupta, D. Pental, A. K. Pradhan

ABSTRACT

We report a novel cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) system in Brassica juncea (oilseed mustard) which could be used for production of hybrid seed in the crop. A male sterile plant identified in a microspore derived doubled haploid population of re-synthesized B. napus line ISN 706 was found to be a CMS as the trait was inherited from the female parent. This CMS, designated '126-1', was subsequently transferred to ten different B. juncea varieties and lines through inter-specific crosses followed by recurrent backcrossing. The F(1)s of inter-specific crosses were invariably partially fertile, but irrespective of the variety/line used, the recipient lines became progressively male sterile over five to seven generations and could be maintained by crossing the male sterile lines with their normal counterparts. The male sterile lines were found to be stable for the trait under both long and short day conditions. CMS lines when crossed with lines other than the respective maintainer line were restored for fertility, implying that any variety could act as a restorer for '126-1' cytoplasm in B. juncea. These unique features in maintenance and restoration of CMS lines coupled with near normal floral morphology of the CMS lines have allowed the use of '126-1' cytoplasm for hybrid seed production. The uniqueness of '126-1' has been further established by Southern hybridization with mitochondrial DNA probes and by a histological study of the development of male sterile anthers. More... »

PAGES

93

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2001-02. AFLP-based genetic diversity assessment amongst agronomically important natural and some newly synthesized lines of Brassica juncea in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2004. Male Sterility in BRASSICA
  • 2004. The Use of Cytoplasmic Male Sterility for Hybrid Seed Production in MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY OF PLANT ORGANELLES
  • 1992-03. Expression of ogu cytoplasmic male sterility in cybrids of Brassica napus in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1990-02. Male sterility caused by cytoplasm of Brassica oxyrrhina in B. campestris and B. juncea in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1998-08. A Moricandia arvensis– based cytoplasmic male sterility and fertility restoration system in Brassica juncea in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1995-08. Transfer of Ogu cytoplasmic male sterility to Brassica juncea and improvement of the male sterile line through somatic cell fusion in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1996-05. Synthesis of hexaploid (AABBCC) somatic hybrids: a bridging material for transfer of ‘tour’ cytoplasmic male sterility to different Brassica species in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 2000-05. Somatic cell hybridization of ’oxy’ CMS Brassica juncea (AABB) with B. oleracea (CC) for correction of chlorosis and transfer of novel organelle combinations to allotetraploid brassicas in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1984-02. The evaluation of pollen quality, and a further appraisal of the fluorochromatic (FCR) test procedure in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1983-08. Intergeneric cytoplasmic hybridization in cruciferae by protoplast fusion in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00122-006-0413-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-006-0413-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003326201

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17036218


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