Elementary budget of stag beetle larvae associated with selective utilization of nitrogen in decaying wood View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-06

AUTHORS

Masahiko Tanahashi, Hiroshi Ikeda, Kôhei Kubota

ABSTRACT

Wood degradation by insects plays important roles for the forest matter cycling. Since wood is deficient in nitrogen compared to the insect body, wood-feeding insects need to assimilate the nitrogen selectively and discard an excess carbon. Such a stoichiometric imbalance between food and body will cause high metabolic cost; therefore, wood-feeding insects may somehow alleviate the stoichiometric imbalance. Here, we investigated the carbon and nitrogen budgets of the larvae of stag beetle, Dorcus rectus, which feed on decaying wood. Assimilation efficiency of ingested wood was 22%, and those values based on the carbon and nitrogen were 27 and 45%, respectively, suggesting the selective digestion of nitrogen in wood. Element-based gross growth efficiency was much higher for nitrogen (45%) than for carbon (3%). As a result, the larvae released 24% of the ingested carbon as volatile, whereas almost no gaseous exchange was observed for nitrogen. Moreover, solubility-based elementary analysis revealed that the larvae mainly utilized alkaline-soluble-water-insoluble fraction of wood, which is rich in nitrogen. Actually, the midgut of the larvae was highly alkaline (pH 10.3). Stag beetle larvae are known to exhibit coprophagy, and here we also confirmed that alkaline-soluble-water-insoluble nitrogen increased again from fresh feces to old feces in the field. Stable isotope analysis suggested the utilization of aerial nitrogen by larvae; however, its actual contribution is still disputable. Those results suggest that D. rectus larvae selectively utilize alkaline-soluble nitrogenous substrates by using their highly alkaline midgut, and perhaps associate with microbes that enhance the nitrogen recycling in feces. More... »

PAGES

33

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00114-018-1557-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00114-018-1557-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103786040

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29725830


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

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N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00114-018-1557-x'


 

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