Age and aggregation trigger mating behaviour in the small hive beetle, Aethina tumida (Nitidulidae) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-10

AUTHORS

Sandra G. Mustafa, Robert Spooner-Hart, Michael Duncan, Jeffery S. Pettis, Johannes L. M. Steidle, Peter Rosenkranz

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the poorly documented reproductive behaviour of the small hive beetle, Aethina tumida (Nitidulidae), a honey bee (Apis mellifera) parasite. We described the mating behaviour in detail and tested the hypothesis that beetle aggregation plays a vital role in mating in this species. Gender preference was examined in the context of age-dependency and possible chemical communication. Beetles started mating at a high frequency 18 days after emergence from the soil but only if they were aggregated (p < 0.001); mating was infrequent when beetles were paired. Males in aggregation also tried to copulate with males and only copulated more frequently with females at 18 days after emergence from soil (p < 0.001) in contrast to newly emerged, 7-day-old and 60-day-old beetles. Males and females spent more time in social contact with the opposite sex (p < 0.01) when they were 18 days old in contrast to 7-day-old beetles. Filter papers which had been in contact with 21-day-old beetles were highly attractive to similar-aged beetles of the opposite sex (p < 0.01). This suggests that chemical substances produced by the beetles themselves play a role in mating. Mating behaviour was characterised by a short pre-copulation courtship and female aggression towards other females and copulating couples. Both behaviours may be indicative of cryptic female choice. Delayed onset of reproductive behaviour is typical of many polygamous species, whilst the indispensability of aggregation for onset of sexual behaviour seems to be a feature unique to A. tumida. Both strategies support mass reproduction in this parasitic species, enabling A. tumida to overcome its honey bee host colony, and are probably triggered by chemotactic cues.. More... »

PAGES

49

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00114-015-1300-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00114-015-1300-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045631510

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26286322


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