A critical number of workers in a honeybee colony triggers investment in reproduction View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-08-21

AUTHORS

Michael L. Smith, Madeleine M. Ostwald, J. Carter Loftus, Thomas D. Seeley

ABSTRACT

Social insect colonies, like individual organisms, must decide as they develop how to allocate optimally their resources among survival, growth, and reproduction. Only when colonies reach a certain state do they switch from investing purely in survival and growth to investing also in reproduction. But how do worker bees within a colony detect that their colony has reached the state where it is adaptive to begin investing in reproduction? Previous work has shown that larger honeybee colonies invest more in reproduction (i.e., the production of drones and queens), however, the term ‘larger’ encompasses multiple colony parameters including number of adult workers, size of the nest, amount of brood, and size of the honey stores. These colony parameters were independently increased in this study to test which one(s) would increase a colony’s investment in reproduction via males. This was assayed by measuring the construction of drone comb, the special type of comb in which drones are reared. Only an increase in the number of workers stimulated construction of drone comb. Colonies with over 4,000 workers began building drone comb, independent of the other colony parameters. These results show that attaining a critical number of workers is the key parameter for honeybee colonies to start to shift resources towards reproduction. These findings are relevant to other social systems in which a group’s members must adjust their behavior as a function of the group’s size. More... »

PAGES

783-790

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2005-09-20. Reproductive decision-making in semelparous colonies of the bumblebee bombus terrestris in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • 1991-03. Insect sociometry, a field in search of data in INSECTES SOCIAUX
  • 1998-11. Sociometry and sociogenesis of colonies of the harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex badius: worker characteristics in relation to colony size and season in INSECTES SOCIAUX
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  • 2012-06-05. Colony fissioning in honey bees: size and significance of the swarm fraction in INSECTES SOCIAUX
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  • 2009-09-29. Honeybee colony drone production and maintenance in accordance with environmental factors: an interplay of queen and worker decisions in INSECTES SOCIAUX
  • 1999-06. Optimal timing of comb construction by honeybee (Apis mellifera) colonies: a dynamic programming model and experimental tests in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • 1964-12. Reproductive efficiency in relation to colony size in hymenopterous societies in INSECTES SOCIAUX
  • 1966-09. Sinnesphysiologische Leistungen beim Wabenbau der Honigbiene in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A
  • 2000-08. Colony size and reproduction in the western harvester ant, Pogonomyrmex occidentalis in INSECTES SOCIAUX
  • 2013-12-11. From molecules to societies: mechanisms regulating swarming behavior in honey bees (Apis spp.) in APIDOLOGIE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00114-014-1215-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00114-014-1215-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047467598

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25142633


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