Performance of cross laminated timber made of oil palm trunk waste for building construction: a pilot study View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-23

AUTHORS

Suthon Srivaro, Nirundorn Matan, Frank Lam

ABSTRACT

In this study, the feasibility of using oil palm trunk wastes for producing cross laminated timber (CLT) for building construction was evaluated. The small size three-layer CLT panels were manufactured using melamine urea formaldehyde adhesive as bonding between the lumber layers. Effects of oil palm wood density and the controlled strain levels of the panel during pressing on the properties of the obtained CLT panels were investigated. Panel thickness (Pt), density (ρ), water absorption (WA), thickness swelling (TS), bonding strength (BS), compressive strength (Fc0) and modulus (Ec0) parallel to the major strength direction, compressive strength (Fc90) and modulus (Ec90) perpendicular to the flat plane and rolling shear strength (RS) of the produced CLT panels were measured. The result showed that oil palm wood density and the controlled strain level had noticeable effect on the properties of the obtained CLT panels. Using high controlled strain level of up to 20.8% and density oil palm wood to produce CLT panels gave better dimensional stability and mechanical properties for the final product but it resulted in an increasing of panel density. Thickness of the produced CLT panels decreased with increasing the controlled strain level during pressing. In view of mechanical properties, Fc0 of CLT made of high-density oil palm wood and all obtained BS met the requirement of the standard CLT but the others were much below. However, the calculation revealed that its application to low-rise building construction seemed to be possible. More... »

PAGES

1-13

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-05. Cross laminated timber (CLT): overview and development in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2016-06. Low cycle fatigue tests and damage accumulation models on the rolling shear strength of cross-laminated timber in JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE
  • 2017-08. Evaluating rolling shear strength properties of cross-laminated timber by short-span bending tests and modified planar shear tests in JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE
  • 2016-10. Torque loading tests on the rolling shear strength of cross-laminated timber in JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE
  • 2018-07. Differences in physical–mechanical properties of bamboo scrimbers with response to bamboo maturing process in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2001-08. Internal temperature and pressure responses to flake alignment during hot-pressing in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2009-02. Density profile and morphology of viscoelastic thermal compressed wood in WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2018-05. The evaluation of panel bond quality and durability of hem-fir cross-laminated timber (CLT) in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2018-07. Influence of pressing parameters on dimensional stability and density of compressed beech wood in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2018-12. Property gradients in oil palm trunk (Elaeis guineensis) in JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE
  • 2018-05. Ultrasound grading of round Eucalyptus timber using the Brazilian standard in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • 2014-09. Investigation of physical and mechanical properties of oil palm wood core sandwich panels overlaid with a rubberwood veneer face in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00107-019-01403-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00107-019-01403-0

    DIMENSIONS

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