Patient- and Treatment-Related Risk Factors for Nausea and Emesis during Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-01

AUTHORS

Ingeborg Fraunholz, Katharina Grau, Christian Weiß, Claus Rödel

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of acute nausea and emesis during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with emphasis on the influence of patient- and treatment-related risk factors and prophylactic antiemetic medication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 335 patients treated with different intravenous standard chemoradiotherapy protocols in the inpatient setting were included in this retrospective study. Acute nausea and emesis, scored according to the CTC (version 3.0) criteria, were evaluated during 821 chemotherapy cycles. Side effects were correlated with patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related parameters. RESULTS: Overall, at least one episode of acute nausea occurred in 48% of the patients and at least one episode of vomiting occurred in 25% of patients. The emetogenic level of the applied chemotherapy protocol was the most significant risk factor for developing nausea and emesis (p < 0.0001). The site of irradiation - namely the thorax (p = 0.0110) and head and neck (p = 0.0415) - was also confirmed as a risk factor. Patient-related parameters, e.g., female gender (p = 0.0003), young age (< 40 years; p = 0.0029), weight loss > 5% (p = 0.0004), and the presence of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG; p = 0.0071), were associated with higher rates of nausea and emesis, while a history of alcohol abuse showed a protective effect (p = 0.0553). In high emetogenic chemotherapy protocols, prophylaxis with 5-HT3 antagonist plus dexamethasone was superior to 5-HT3 antagonist alone (p = 0.0383). CONCLUSION: Future studies should evaluate more effective prophylaxis protocols in CRT in order to reduce the high rates of nausea and emesis. More... »

PAGES

1-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00066-010-2196-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-010-2196-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051313000

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21234525


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56 schema:description PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of acute nausea and emesis during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with emphasis on the influence of patient- and treatment-related risk factors and prophylactic antiemetic medication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 335 patients treated with different intravenous standard chemoradiotherapy protocols in the inpatient setting were included in this retrospective study. Acute nausea and emesis, scored according to the CTC (version 3.0) criteria, were evaluated during 821 chemotherapy cycles. Side effects were correlated with patient-, tumor-, and treatment-related parameters. RESULTS: Overall, at least one episode of acute nausea occurred in 48% of the patients and at least one episode of vomiting occurred in 25% of patients. The emetogenic level of the applied chemotherapy protocol was the most significant risk factor for developing nausea and emesis (p < 0.0001). The site of irradiation - namely the thorax (p = 0.0110) and head and neck (p = 0.0415) - was also confirmed as a risk factor. Patient-related parameters, e.g., female gender (p = 0.0003), young age (< 40 years; p = 0.0029), weight loss > 5% (p = 0.0004), and the presence of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG; p = 0.0071), were associated with higher rates of nausea and emesis, while a history of alcohol abuse showed a protective effect (p = 0.0553). In high emetogenic chemotherapy protocols, prophylaxis with 5-HT3 antagonist plus dexamethasone was superior to 5-HT3 antagonist alone (p = 0.0383). CONCLUSION: Future studies should evaluate more effective prophylaxis protocols in CRT in order to reduce the high rates of nausea and emesis.
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