Diagnostic role of echocardiography for patients with heart failure symptoms and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2022-05-02

AUTHORS

A. Hagendorff, S. Stöbe, J. Kandels, R. de Boer, C. Tschöpe

ABSTRACT

The syndrome heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) represents patients with different comorbidities and specific etiologies, but with a key and common alteration: an elevation in left ventricular (LV) filling pressure or pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP). Expert consensuses, society guidelines, and diagnostic scores have been stated to diagnose HFpEF syndrome based mainly on the determination of elevated LV filling pressure or PCWP by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Echocardiographic parameters such as early (E) and late diastolic mitral inflow velocity (mitral E/A ratio), septal and lateral mitral annular early diastolic velocity (E′), ratio of the early diastolic mitral inflow and annular velocity (E/E′-ratio), maximal left atrial volume index (LAVImax), and tricuspid regurgitation peak velocity (VTR) constitute the pivotal parameters for determining elevated LV filling pressure or PCWP in patients with suspected HFpEF symptoms. Notwithstanding this, taking into consideration the heterogeneity of patients with HFpEF symptoms, the term “HFpEF” should be considered as a syndrome rather than an entity since HFpEF results from different pathological entities that should and can be characterized by echocardiography and multimodality imaging. Comprehensive TTE might help diagnose specific diseases and etiologies by characterization of specific cardiac phenotypes. More... »

PAGES

293-300

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00059-022-05118-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00059-022-05118-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1147559326

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35499562


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