Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen und COVID-19 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-01-04

AUTHORS

Elisabeth Schieffer, Bernhard Schieffer, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a challenge for our healthcare system but at the same time is one of the excellent catalyzers and promoters of successful translational research. The COVID-19 is not only a simple viral infection of the bronchial system but is also a pandemic hyperinflammatory multiorgan disease. The cardiovascular system plays a causal role in this context, as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) invades host cells via the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2), an enzyme in the renin-angiotensin system. Furthermore, cardiovascular comorbidities and risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes and obesity play an important role in the severity of the course of the disease. Additional risk factors, such as gender, age, genetics and air pollution modulate both the severity of the SARS-CoV‑2 infection as well as cardiovascular diseases. As sequelae of COVID-19, increased thrombosis, myocardial infarction, myocardial inflammation and vasculitis occur, which directly damage the cardiovascular system and substantially contribute to the high morbidity and mortality. Knowledge gained from many studies on the course of the disease in patients infected with SARS-CoV‑2 has led to improved treatment possibilities, which now in the second wave are partly standardized and were, and are, in particular adapted to complications of the cardiovascular system. In this review we provide a short overview on the pathophysiology of the SARS-CoV‑2 in general and also specifically on the cardiovascular system. Furthermore, we summarize the current treatment approaches and their pathophysiological principles (status November 2020). More... »

PAGES

107-114

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2020-11-26. Headache as a Prognostic Factor for COVID-19. Time to Re-evaluate in SN COMPREHENSIVE CLINICAL MEDICINE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00059-020-05013-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00059-020-05013-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1134288135

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33394058


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