Antithrombotische Therapie bei akutem Koronarsyndrom und Vorhofflimmern View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

H. Darius, G. Görge, M. Spiecker, H. Schinzel

ABSTRACT

The number of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is increasing due to the aging of the population. In addition, the number of patients with AF and indications for oral anticoagulation (OAC) for the prevention of stroke, who need dual antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) plus a P2Y12 inhibitor because of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is also increasing. In the past these patients received a triple therapy (TT) for 3-12 months. This TT has never been studied for efficacy; however, the rate of bleeding complications in comparison to a simple OAC or DAPT is significantly higher. Registries and smaller trials showed that DAPT with an OAC plus a platelet inhibitor may be sufficient to prevent stroke and stent thromboses/myocardial infarctions. These questions were investigated in various prospective and randomized studies involving all four non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOAC) approved for stroke prevention in AF. The NOACs were tested against vitamin K antagonists (VKA) involving single antiplatelet therapy without using DAPT. The trials with rivaroxaban (PIONEER AF-PCI) and dabigatran (RE-DUAL PCI) have already been published but the investigations involving apixaban (AUGUSTUS) and edoxaban (ENTRUST-AF PCI) are still ongoing. The current status is that a NOAC plus a single antiplatelet agent, mostly clopidogrel, is superior to TT with VKA with respect to bleeding complications without any obvious disadvantage due to increases in stroke cases or cardiac ischemia. The international guidelines already permit treatment without TT in cases where the bleeding risk is prevalent. In this situation it is recommended to prescribe a NOAC plus a single antiplatelet therapy. Thus, TT no longer seems to be indicated for most patients with AF and after ACS or PCI. More... »

PAGES

1-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00059-019-4781-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00059-019-4781-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111682378

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30689009


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