Comparison of force loss due to friction of different wire sizes and materials in conventional and new self-ligating orthodontic brackets ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Tarek El-Bialy, Ahmad Alobeid, Cornelius Dirk, Andreas Jäger, Ludger Keilig, Christoph Bourauel

ABSTRACT

AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare force loss due to friction (Fr) during simulated canine retraction using different archwire dimensions and materials between conventional and new self-ligating brackets. METHODS: The tested brackets were (1) conventional brackets (Victory series, GAC twin and FLI twin), (2) self-ligating brackets (Damon-Q, FLI-SL, new/improved FLI-SL (I FLI-SL), SPEED, GAC innovation (R) and Ortho Classic) and (3) a low-friction bracket (Synergy). All brackets had a 0.022″ slot size. The tested archwires were stainless steel (0.018″; 0.016″x0.022″; 0.017″x0.025″; 0.018″x0.025″ and 0.019″x0.025″); nickel titanium (NiTi; 0.016″x0.022″; 0.017″x0.025″; 0.018″x0.025″ and 0.019″x0.025″) and titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA; 0.016″x0.022″; 0.017″x0.025″; 0.018″x0.025″ and 0.019″x0.025″). Canine retraction was experimentally simulated in a biomechanical set-up using a NiTi coil spring that delivered a force of 1 N. The simulated retraction path was up to 4 mm. Force loss due to friction was compared between groups using the Welch t‑test. RESULTS: Force loss due to friction increased with increasing archwire size. Also, TMA showed the highest and stainless steel the lowest force loss due to friction. FLI-SL brackets showed the lowest Fr (31%) and Ortho Classic showed the highest (67%). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing wire size generally showed increasing force loss due to friction. FLI-SL brackets showed the lowest, while Ortho Classic showed the highest friction. More... »

PAGES

68-78

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00056-019-00168-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00056-019-00168-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112096191

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30758513


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49 schema:description AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare force loss due to friction (Fr) during simulated canine retraction using different archwire dimensions and materials between conventional and new self-ligating brackets. METHODS: The tested brackets were (1) conventional brackets (Victory series, GAC twin and FLI twin), (2) self-ligating brackets (Damon-Q, FLI-SL, new/improved FLI-SL (I FLI-SL), SPEED, GAC innovation (R) and Ortho Classic) and (3) a low-friction bracket (Synergy). All brackets had a 0.022″ slot size. The tested archwires were stainless steel (0.018″; 0.016″x0.022″; 0.017″x0.025″; 0.018″x0.025″ and 0.019″x0.025″); nickel titanium (NiTi; 0.016″x0.022″; 0.017″x0.025″; 0.018″x0.025″ and 0.019″x0.025″) and titanium molybdenum alloy (TMA; 0.016″x0.022″; 0.017″x0.025″; 0.018″x0.025″ and 0.019″x0.025″). Canine retraction was experimentally simulated in a biomechanical set-up using a NiTi coil spring that delivered a force of 1 N. The simulated retraction path was up to 4 mm. Force loss due to friction was compared between groups using the Welch t‑test. RESULTS: Force loss due to friction increased with increasing archwire size. Also, TMA showed the highest and stainless steel the lowest force loss due to friction. FLI-SL brackets showed the lowest Fr (31%) and Ortho Classic showed the highest (67%). CONCLUSIONS: Increasing wire size generally showed increasing force loss due to friction. FLI-SL brackets showed the lowest, while Ortho Classic showed the highest friction.
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