Uncovering how behavioral variation underlying mutualist partner quality is partitioned within a species complex of keystone seed-dispersing ants View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-06-15

AUTHORS

C. M. Buono, G. I. Quartuccia, W. R. Smisko, A. J. Lupinski, A. Q. W. Radin, T. H. Q. Powell, K. M. Prior

ABSTRACT

Generalized mutualisms, such as seed dispersal by ants (myrmecochory), involve guilds of mutualistic partners that exchange services. Partners within guilds vary in traits that affect the quality of mutualistic services. Research aimed at uncovering within-guild variation in partner quality primarily considers the identity of partner species. However, mutualism-related traits vary within species, especially for populations in states of incomplete speciation where the distinction between intra- and interspecific variation is not well defined. Ants in the genus Aphaenogaster are mutualists and the major disperser of seeds of understory plants adapted to dispersal by ants (myrmecochores) in eastern North American forests. A. rudis and A. picea are polyphyletic with overlapping morphological features. We ask if functional variation partitions discretely between named species or along a continuum in this species complex. We collected replicate colonies of three populations, each of the named species. We performed 2D morphometrics on the thorax to quantify complex morphological variation among colonies. We performed lab behavioral trials, measuring behaviors that influence seed dispersal quality such as foraging, seed dispersal rate and preference, and intra- and interspecific aggression. Morphometrics revealed differences between species but also continuous variation in diagnostic features. We found behavioral differences between species, with A. rudis being a better disperser and having higher intraspecific aggression and A. picea being a more active forager and dominant over A. rudis. Behavior also varied along a continuum between species corresponding with colony morphometrics, with intermediate phenotypes having intermediate behavior. This work shows that it is important to consider partner identity in species complexes of mutualistic partners at multiple levels of biological organization. More... »

PAGES

247-260

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2007-05-30. A keystone ant species promotes seed dispersal in a “diffuse” mutualism in OECOLOGIA
  • 2011-10-29. Are subordinate ants the best seed dispersers? Linking dominance hierarchies and seed dispersal ability in myrmecochory interactions in ARTHROPOD-PLANT INTERACTIONS
  • 2005-09-21. ‘Devil's gardens’ bedevilled by ants in NATURE
  • 2009-04-01. Evolutionary diversification in stickleback affects ecosystem functioning in NATURE
  • 2001-10. Consequences of a biological invasion reveal the importance of mutualism for plant communities in NATURE
  • 2003. Seed Dispersal by Ants in a Deciduous Forest Ecosystem, Mechanisms, Strategies, Adaptations in NONE
  • 1996-03. Biometrics, biomathematics and the morphometric synthesis in BULLETIN OF MATHEMATICAL BIOLOGY
  • 1977-04. Genetic differentiation between populations of the ant Aphaenogaster ‘rudis’ in the Southeastern United States in GENETICA
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00040-022-00865-5

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    46 biological organization
    47 colonies
    48 complex morphological variation
    49 complexes
    50 continuous variation
    51 continuum
    52 diagnostic features
    53 differences
    54 dispersal
    55 dispersal quality
    56 dispersal rates
    57 dispersers
    58 distinction
    59 eastern North American forests
    60 exchange services
    61 features
    62 foragers
    63 foraging
    64 forest
    65 generalized mutualism
    66 genus Aphaenogaster
    67 good dispersers
    68 guilds
    69 high intraspecific aggression
    70 identity
    71 incomplete speciation
    72 intermediate behavior
    73 intermediate phenotypes
    74 interspecific aggression
    75 interspecific variation
    76 intra
    77 intraspecific aggression
    78 keystone seed-dispersing ant
    79 levels
    80 major dispersers
    81 morphological features
    82 morphological variation
    83 morphometrics
    84 multiple levels
    85 mutualism
    86 mutualistic partners
    87 mutualistic services
    88 mutualists
    89 organization
    90 partition
    91 partner identity
    92 partner quality
    93 partner species
    94 partners
    95 phenotype
    96 plants
    97 population
    98 preferences
    99 quality
    100 rate
    101 replicate colonies
    102 research
    103 rudis
    104 seed dispersal
    105 seed dispersal quality
    106 seed dispersal rates
    107 seed-dispersing ants
    108 seeds
    109 services
    110 speciation
    111 species
    112 species complex
    113 state
    114 thorax
    115 traits
    116 trials
    117 understory plants
    118 variation
    119 variation partition
    120 work
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