Differential immunostimulating effect of Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and Interferon γ (IFNγ) after severe trauma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2007-01

AUTHORS

S. Lendemans, E. Kreuzfelder, C. Waydhas, F. U. Schade, S. Flohé

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Severe trauma leads to an increased vulnerability to bacterial sepsis. In the present study, we compared the immunostimulating potential of granulocyte-colony stimulating-factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). DESIGN: Prospective clinical experimental study. SETTING: University hospital intensive care unit and research facility. PATIENTS: 6 patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of more than 25 points. INTERVENTIONS: Heparinized blood samples of severely injured patients and 12 healthy volunteers were incubated in vitro with 10 ng/ml GM-CSF, 10 ng/ml G-CSF or 10 ng/ml IFN-gamma for 6 h. MEASUREMENTS: Flow cytometry: HLA-DR expression on monocytes, B- and T-lymphocytes. ELISA: LPS-induced TNFalpha and IL-10 production. RESULTS: In all patients reduced cytokine production and HLA-DR expression on monocytes was established. After administration of GM-CSF and IFN-gamma it in vitro, the level of HLA-DR expression on monocytes and the it ex vivo TNFalpha-synthesis increased while only GM-CSF increased significantly IL-10-liberation after LPS-stimulation. However, only IFN-gamma had the capacity to enhance HLA-DR on B- and T-lymphocytes. G-CSF it in vitro had no significant effect on the measured parameter. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that GM-CSF and IFN-gamma may serve to support immune functions in severely injured patients. More... »

PAGES

38-44

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00011-007-6069-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00011-007-6069-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029627524

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17334669


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

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