Determination of lead and cadmium contents in lipstick and their potential health risks to consumers View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Marian Asantewah Nkansah, Emmanuel Owusu-Afriyie, Francis Opoku

ABSTRACT

In Ghana, a complete profile of heavy metals in lipstick products is lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the level of some toxic metals in lipstick sold at different markets and shopping malls in Kumasi Metropolis. Twenty lipstick brands were analysed. The lipstick was chemically digested and then analysed for lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) using atomic absorption spectroscopy (model 210 VGP). The concentrations of Pb and Cd in lipsticks ranged from 0.20 ± 0.00 to 36.70 ± 0.26, and 1.83 ± 0.06 to 412.23 ± 0.40 mg kg−1, respectively. The actual Pb concentration measured in 18 lipstick samples was far below the recommended limits of the United State Food and Drug Administration (20 mg kg−1), Ghana Standards Authority (1 mg kg−1) and Health Canada (10 mg kg−1). The Cd concentration in 19 lipsticks was above the Health Canada threshold for impurities, indicating a potential toxicological effect for lipstick users. The hazard quotient for Cd in almost all the lipstick samples, except sample C12 were above 1, indicating adverse non-carcinogenic health risk exposure to Cd via the lipsticks ingestion. Thus, the continuous usage of these brands of lipsticks can pose a high risk of Cd on human health. Therefore, quality control is recommended to check lipstick products imported into the country. Similarly, regular monitoring of other heavy metal containing components and chemicals used in the manufacture of cosmetics products, which may cause health risks to consumers should be ensured. More... »

PAGES

1-7

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105856192


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9829.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nkansah", 
        "givenName": "Marian Asantewah", 
        "id": "sg:person.0643221723.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643221723.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9829.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Owusu-Afriyie", 
        "givenName": "Emmanuel", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9829.a", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Opoku", 
        "givenName": "Francis", 
        "id": "sg:person.01025022466.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01025022466.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2009.02.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001923207"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2007.12.011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002912595"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.06.034", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005725319"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.07.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009473230"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.09.021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011116051"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205518", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011469532"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.08.015", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012848148"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-044452260-3/50031-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013474060"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.2910610503", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014863280"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.08.167", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015302194"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-010-4105-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018887590", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-010-4105-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-010-4105-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018887590", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-010-4105-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2011.04.026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019439404"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2015.12.011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019505628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2012.09.021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020764402"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813497766", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023274705"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813497766", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023274705"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40064-016-1967-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028193914", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-1967-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s40064-016-1967-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028193914", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-1967-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.069", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028321673"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/02772248.2011.582040", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028639260"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2010.11.010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032967063"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2012.11.047", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033298736"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813497764", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033302283"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813497764", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033302283"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2004.09.016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038542857"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2011.10.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039343245"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(88)90112-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040286183"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(88)90112-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040286183"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813507089", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041911894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813507089", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041911894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2015.07.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042554437"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2009.12.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045080292"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/just.v28i1.33081", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045276849"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/just.v28i1.33081", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045276849"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2012.10.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047312108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.02.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048284532"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0536.2000.042001005.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050587403"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077405830", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
    "description": "In Ghana, a complete profile of heavy metals in lipstick products is lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the level of some toxic metals in lipstick sold at different markets and shopping malls in Kumasi Metropolis. Twenty lipstick brands were analysed. The lipstick was chemically digested and then analysed for lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) using atomic absorption spectroscopy (model 210 VGP). The concentrations of Pb and Cd in lipsticks ranged from 0.20 \u00b1 0.00 to 36.70 \u00b1 0.26, and 1.83 \u00b1 0.06 to 412.23 \u00b1 0.40 mg kg\u22121, respectively. The actual Pb concentration measured in 18 lipstick samples was far below the recommended limits of the United State Food and Drug Administration (20 mg kg\u22121), Ghana Standards Authority (1 mg kg\u22121) and Health Canada (10 mg kg\u22121). The Cd concentration in 19 lipsticks was above the Health Canada threshold for impurities, indicating a potential toxicological effect for lipstick users. The hazard quotient for Cd in almost all the lipstick samples, except sample C12 were above 1, indicating adverse non-carcinogenic health risk exposure to Cd via the lipsticks ingestion. Thus, the continuous usage of these brands of lipsticks can pose a high risk of Cd on human health. Therefore, quality control is recommended to check lipstick products imported into the country. Similarly, regular monitoring of other heavy metal containing components and chemicals used in the manufacture of cosmetics products, which may cause health risks to consumers should be ensured.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1046984", 
        "issn": [
          "1661-5751", 
          "1661-5867"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Determination of lead and cadmium contents in lipstick and their potential health risks to consumers", 
    "pagination": "1-7", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "7bc4151db752dd26d60a061453dd724a7187d88fde84fa498cfc0b04b6e26a80"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1105856192"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105856192"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T18:23", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8675_00000528.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00003-018-1180-y"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

165 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      57 URIs      17 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1117
3 schema:author Nc29d414fef7a426d95cf51fee9eb98f2
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-010-4105-x
5 sg:pub.10.1186/s40064-016-1967-1
6 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077405830
7 https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.2910610503
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(88)90112-x
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-044452260-3/50031-0
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.09.021
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2010.11.010
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.08.015
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2004.09.016
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2007.12.011
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.06.034
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.07.007
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.08.167
18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.069
19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2012.11.047
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2011.10.008
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2009.12.001
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2012.09.021
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2015.12.011
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2011.04.026
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2009.02.005
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2012.10.009
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.02.003
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2015.07.005
29 https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0536.2000.042001005.x
30 https://doi.org/10.1080/02772248.2011.582040
31 https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813497764
32 https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813497766
33 https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813507089
34 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205518
35 https://doi.org/10.4314/just.v28i1.33081
36 schema:datePublished 2018-12
37 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
38 schema:description In Ghana, a complete profile of heavy metals in lipstick products is lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the level of some toxic metals in lipstick sold at different markets and shopping malls in Kumasi Metropolis. Twenty lipstick brands were analysed. The lipstick was chemically digested and then analysed for lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) using atomic absorption spectroscopy (model 210 VGP). The concentrations of Pb and Cd in lipsticks ranged from 0.20 ± 0.00 to 36.70 ± 0.26, and 1.83 ± 0.06 to 412.23 ± 0.40 mg kg−1, respectively. The actual Pb concentration measured in 18 lipstick samples was far below the recommended limits of the United State Food and Drug Administration (20 mg kg−1), Ghana Standards Authority (1 mg kg−1) and Health Canada (10 mg kg−1). The Cd concentration in 19 lipsticks was above the Health Canada threshold for impurities, indicating a potential toxicological effect for lipstick users. The hazard quotient for Cd in almost all the lipstick samples, except sample C12 were above 1, indicating adverse non-carcinogenic health risk exposure to Cd via the lipsticks ingestion. Thus, the continuous usage of these brands of lipsticks can pose a high risk of Cd on human health. Therefore, quality control is recommended to check lipstick products imported into the country. Similarly, regular monitoring of other heavy metal containing components and chemicals used in the manufacture of cosmetics products, which may cause health risks to consumers should be ensured.
39 schema:genre research_article
40 schema:inLanguage en
41 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
42 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1046984
43 schema:name Determination of lead and cadmium contents in lipstick and their potential health risks to consumers
44 schema:pagination 1-7
45 schema:productId N00e291a0cf54404584a4770628344867
46 N1a7ad92411d745d680b8f026568382f4
47 Nbb84b6785f784741b25382acf2acf8ab
48 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105856192
49 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y
50 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T18:23
51 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
52 schema:sdPublisher N632c7123965141a1a7eed0da3e985981
53 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs00003-018-1180-y
54 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
55 sgo:sdDataset articles
56 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
57 N00e291a0cf54404584a4770628344867 schema:name dimensions_id
58 schema:value pub.1105856192
59 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
60 N1a7ad92411d745d680b8f026568382f4 schema:name doi
61 schema:value 10.1007/s00003-018-1180-y
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 N632c7123965141a1a7eed0da3e985981 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
64 rdf:type schema:Organization
65 N9a082a9940f74c0f9a7ffa0a60b5103d schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9829.a
66 schema:familyName Owusu-Afriyie
67 schema:givenName Emmanuel
68 rdf:type schema:Person
69 N9e889202280a4b82bdb73dbc18d4d218 rdf:first sg:person.01025022466.45
70 rdf:rest rdf:nil
71 Nbb84b6785f784741b25382acf2acf8ab schema:name readcube_id
72 schema:value 7bc4151db752dd26d60a061453dd724a7187d88fde84fa498cfc0b04b6e26a80
73 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
74 Nc29d414fef7a426d95cf51fee9eb98f2 rdf:first sg:person.0643221723.63
75 rdf:rest Ndab62ba0e41948738f4e0027ec4959cd
76 Ndab62ba0e41948738f4e0027ec4959cd rdf:first N9a082a9940f74c0f9a7ffa0a60b5103d
77 rdf:rest N9e889202280a4b82bdb73dbc18d4d218
78 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
79 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
80 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
81 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
82 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
83 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
84 sg:journal.1046984 schema:issn 1661-5751
85 1661-5867
86 schema:name Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety
87 rdf:type schema:Periodical
88 sg:person.01025022466.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9829.a
89 schema:familyName Opoku
90 schema:givenName Francis
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01025022466.45
92 rdf:type schema:Person
93 sg:person.0643221723.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9829.a
94 schema:familyName Nkansah
95 schema:givenName Marian Asantewah
96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0643221723.63
97 rdf:type schema:Person
98 sg:pub.10.1007/s00216-010-4105-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018887590
99 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-010-4105-x
100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
101 sg:pub.10.1186/s40064-016-1967-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028193914
102 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-1967-1
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077405830 schema:CreativeWork
105 https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.2910610503 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014863280
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(88)90112-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040286183
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-044452260-3/50031-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013474060
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.09.021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011116051
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2010.11.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032967063
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.08.015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012848148
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2004.09.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038542857
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2007.12.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002912595
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.06.034 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005725319
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.07.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009473230
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.08.167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015302194
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.10.069 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028321673
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2012.11.047 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033298736
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2011.10.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039343245
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2009.12.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045080292
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2012.09.021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020764402
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2015.12.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019505628
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2011.04.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019439404
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2009.02.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001923207
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2012.10.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047312108
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.02.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048284532
146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
147 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2015.07.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042554437
148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
149 https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0536.2000.042001005.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050587403
150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
151 https://doi.org/10.1080/02772248.2011.582040 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028639260
152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
153 https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813497764 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033302283
154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
155 https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813497766 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023274705
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 https://doi.org/10.1177/1091581813507089 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041911894
158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
159 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205518 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011469532
160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
161 https://doi.org/10.4314/just.v28i1.33081 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045276849
162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
163 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9829.a schema:alternateName Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
164 schema:name Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
165 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...