Examination of the Montastraea annularis Species Complex (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) Using ITS and COI Sequences View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-01

AUTHORS

Monica Medina, Ernesto Weil, Alina M. Szmant

ABSTRACT

: The Caribbean coral Montastraea annularis has recently been proposed to be a complex of at least three sibling species. To test the validity of this proposal, we sequenced the ITS region of the nuclear ribosomal RNA gene family (ITS-1, 5.8S, and ITS-2), and a portion of the mitochondrial DNA gene cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) from the three proposed species (M. annularis, M. faveolata, and M. franksi) from Florida reefs. The ITS fragment was 665 nucleotides long and had 19 variable sites, of which 6 were parsimony-informative sites. None of these sites was fixed within the proposed species. The COI fragment was 658 nucleotides long with only two sites variable in one individual. Thus, under both the biological species concept and the phylogenetic species concept, the molecular evidence gathered in this study indicates the Montastraea annularis species complex to be a single evolutionary entity as opposed to three distinct species. The three proposed Montastraea species can interbreed, ruling out prezygotic barriers to gene flow (biological species concept), and the criterion of monophyly is not satisfied if hybridization is occurring among taxa (phylogenetic species concept). More... »

PAGES

89-97

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Marine Biotechnology

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

1

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/pl00011756

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/pl00011756

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012329961

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10373615


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