Traumatic Injury of the Colon and Rectum: The Evidence vs Dogma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-09

AUTHORS

Scott R. Steele, Justin A. Maykel, Eric K. Johnson

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The treatment of traumatic injuries to the colon and rectum is often driven by dogma, despite the presence of evidence suggesting alternative methods of care. OBJECTIVE: This is an evidence-based review, in the format of a review article, to determine the ideal treatment of noniatrogenic traumatic injuries to the colon and rectum to improve the care provided to this group of patients. Recommendations and treatment algorithms were based on consensus conclusions of the data. DATA SOURCES: A search of MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database of Collected Reviews was performed from 1965 through December 2010. STUDY SELECTION: Authors independently reviewed selected abstracts to determine their scientific merit and relevance based on key-word combinations regarding colorectal trauma. A directed search of the embedded references from the primary articles was also performed in select circumstances. We then performed a complete evaluation of 108 articles and 3 additional abstracts. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcomes were morbidity, mortality, and colostomy rates. RESULTS: Evidence-based recommendations and algorithms are presented for the management of traumatic colorectal injuries. LIMITATIONS: Level I and II evidence was limited. CONCLUSIONS: Colorectal injuries remain a challenging clinical entity associated with significant morbidity. Familiarity with the different methods to approach and manage these injuries, including "damage control" tactics when necessary, will allow surgeons to minimize unnecessary complications and mortality. More... »

PAGES

1184-1201

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2003-07. Damage Control in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 1989-03. Colorectal trauma in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 2004-12. A Ten-Year Study of Penetrating Injuries of the Colon in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 1993-12. Large bowel perforations in war surgery: one-stage treatment in a field hospital in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COLORECTAL DISEASE
  • 2003-06. Current Management of Colon Trauma in WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY
  • 2002-12. Primary Repair of Penetrating Colon Injuries in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 2007-06. Civilian Extraperitoneal Rectal Gunshot Wounds: Surgical Management Made Simpler in WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY
  • 1979-01. Civilian injuries of the rectum and anus in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 2000-01. Operative Management of Civilian Rectal Gunshot Wounds: Simpler Is Better in WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY
  • 1987-03. Analysis of the morbidity, mortality, and cost of colostomy closure in traumatic compared with nontraumatic colorectal diseases in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 2004-09. Management of Penetrating Colon and Rectal Injuries in the Pediatric Patient in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 2007-06. Colon and Rectal Injuries During Operation Iraqi Freedom: Are There Any Changing Trends in Management or Outcome? in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 2006-08. Colon and Rectal Injuries in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • 2009-03. Colonic Trauma: Indications for Diversion vs. Repair in JOURNAL OF GASTROINTESTINAL SURGERY
  • 1997-06. Civilian colon trauma in DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008569171

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21825901


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Algorithms", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Colon", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Colorectal Surgery", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Colostomy", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Diagnostic Imaging", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Evidence-Based Medicine", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Laparoscopy", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Military Personnel", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Rectum", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Risk Factors", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "USUHS, Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Ft. Lewis, Washington"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Steele", 
            "givenName": "Scott R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01132106272.26", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01132106272.26"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Maykel", 
            "givenName": "Justin A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01300235337.35", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01300235337.35"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265436.0", 
              "name": [
                "USUHS, Department of Surgery, Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Ft. Gordon, Georgia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Johnson", 
            "givenName": "Eric K.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0622744437.10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0622744437.10"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-2197.1996.tb01208.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000053110"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2009.01.128", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000249178"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200105000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002076378"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200105000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002076378"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318163c421", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003621229"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318163c421", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003621229"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318163c421", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003621229"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(05)80579-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003842281"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02554524", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004100806", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554524"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554524", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004100806"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554524", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004100806"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200201000-00020", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005423893"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200201000-00020", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005423893"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(98)00293-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005685582"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000205808.46504.e9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006354001"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000205808.46504.e9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006354001"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000205808.46504.e9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006354001"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-200206000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007000266"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-200206000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007000266"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-200206000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007000266"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199011000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007539906"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199011000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007539906"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-0726-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007847339", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0726-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0726-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007847339"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9610(84)90442-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008562492"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0039-6060(98)70253-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009481533"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200103000-00011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010090632"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200103000-00011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010090632"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200103000-00011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010090632"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1015-9584(09)60286-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010353374"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(05)80156-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010415804"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010532716", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010532716"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010532716"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000239497.96387.9d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012308528"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000239497.96387.9d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012308528"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0020-1383(02)00090-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012715987"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200206000-00019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013203788"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200206000-00019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013203788"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02554327", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016662869", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554327"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554327", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016662869"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11605-008-0783-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016928779", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11605-008-0783-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3468(81)80866-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017365847"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd002247", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018284729"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002689910021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019544949", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002689910021"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(96)00244-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019695388"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318047c064", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020425573"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318047c064", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020425573"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318047c064", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020425573"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198906000-00010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020868900"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198906000-00010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020868900"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198906000-00010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020868900"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00290309", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021276508", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00290309"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80004-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021957242"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.4468", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022172287"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200011000-00006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022736953"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200011000-00006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022736953"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2009.06.042", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022981902"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199012000-00012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023287969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199012000-00012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023287969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idc.2004.01.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023465348"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cursur.2004.09.004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024062898"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-197910000-00002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025479670"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-197910000-00002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025479670"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2168.2002.02154.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025490066"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9610(71)90322-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025773314"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2006.02.009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027676269"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181991ab0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027948430"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181991ab0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027948430"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181991ab0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027948430"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198104000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028232819"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198104000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028232819"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02140898", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028632454", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02140898"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02140898", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028632454"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02140898", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028632454"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00268-007-9045-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029499659", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-007-9045-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00268-007-9045-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029499659", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-007-9045-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-007-0235-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029743240", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-007-0235-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-007-0235-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029743240"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.4915", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030661839"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2004.08.057", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031289836"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.1991.01410320061008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032885079"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1383(91)90157-a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032895902"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.1800781108", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033742899"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00268-003-6762-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034723520", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-003-6762-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-197204000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035291239"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-197204000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035291239"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(98)00317-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036674534"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-006-0620-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036914114", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-006-0620-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-006-0620-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036914114"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-0605-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038627331", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0605-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0605-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038627331"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200010000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038898748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200010000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038898748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2007.01.022", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039632958"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198807000-00013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040237131"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198807000-00013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040237131"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198004000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042813877"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198004000-00003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042813877"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/jramc-156-01-05", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044276552"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/jramc-156-01-05", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044276552"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198711000-00008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046080326"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198711000-00008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046080326"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198711000-00008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046080326"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-7243-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046557675", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-7243-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-7243-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046557675"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000198375.83830.62", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046875177"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000198375.83830.62", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046875177"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000198375.83830.62", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046875177"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000093243.01377.9b", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046903320"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000093243.01377.9b", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046903320"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198905000-00013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046964037"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198905000-00013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046964037"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/dcr.0b013e3181d326fd", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047869147"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/dcr.0b013e3181d326fd", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047869147"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e31819ea3fc", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047944345"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e31819ea3fc", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047944345"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e31819ea3fc", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047944345"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200003000-00024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048132965"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200003000-00024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048132965"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2932.321", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048330694"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02586750", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049591024", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02586750"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02586750", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049591024"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2313030126", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051768390"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-199105000-00015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052131911"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-199105000-00015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052131911"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200109000-00018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053670090"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200109000-00018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053670090"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1055321", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057547603"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199502000-00025", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060207767"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199502000-00025", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060207767"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199502000-00025", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060207767"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199503000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060207783"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199503000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060207783"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199503000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060207783"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199511000-00013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208095"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199511000-00013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208095"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199511000-00013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208095"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199603001-00041", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208312"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199608000-00012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208488"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199608000-00012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208488"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199608000-00012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208488"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199801000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209232"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199801000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209232"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199801000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209232"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199801000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209232"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209465"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209465"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209465"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209474"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209474"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209474"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199810000-00002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209707"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199810000-00002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209707"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199810000-00002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209707"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199902000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209956"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199902000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209956"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199902000-00009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209956"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.177.6.1771247", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069324379"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7205/milmed.173.3.293", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073663308"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/164.4.256", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074366894"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074826698", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/166.11.952", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074959141"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075307030", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076270314", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076677079", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077454517", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077508431", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078172217", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078270072", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079669354", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080046951", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080550908", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080554505", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082527564", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082776622", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082936968", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083013522", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083038936", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083124827", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083309161", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083357612", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2011-09", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2011-09-01", 
        "description": "BACKGROUND: The treatment of traumatic injuries to the colon and rectum is often driven by dogma, despite the presence of evidence suggesting alternative methods of care.\nOBJECTIVE: This is an evidence-based review, in the format of a review article, to determine the ideal treatment of noniatrogenic traumatic injuries to the colon and rectum to improve the care provided to this group of patients. Recommendations and treatment algorithms were based on consensus conclusions of the data.\nDATA SOURCES: A search of MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database of Collected Reviews was performed from 1965 through December 2010.\nSTUDY SELECTION: Authors independently reviewed selected abstracts to determine their scientific merit and relevance based on key-word combinations regarding colorectal trauma. A directed search of the embedded references from the primary articles was also performed in select circumstances. We then performed a complete evaluation of 108 articles and 3 additional abstracts.\nMAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcomes were morbidity, mortality, and colostomy rates.\nRESULTS: Evidence-based recommendations and algorithms are presented for the management of traumatic colorectal injuries.\nLIMITATIONS: Level I and II evidence was limited.\nCONCLUSIONS: Colorectal injuries remain a challenging clinical entity associated with significant morbidity. Familiarity with the different methods to approach and manage these injuries, including \"damage control\" tactics when necessary, will allow surgeons to minimize unnecessary complications and mortality.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1017424", 
            "issn": [
              "0012-3706", 
              "1530-0358"
            ], 
            "name": "Diseases of the Colon & Rectum", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "9", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "54"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Traumatic Injury of the Colon and Rectum: The Evidence vs Dogma", 
        "pagination": "1184-1201", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "28d34b7fa04032c8a073d3a497ae5f923c4c6bef773b03c37ffd43c1506eac99"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "21825901"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "0372764"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1008569171"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008569171"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T11:37", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000358_0000000358/records_127432_00000001.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:landingpage&an=0003453-201109000-00019"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    483 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      159 URIs      32 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60 schema:about N039cb2f083ac418087506e0ea6f79599
    2 N177465a4e87649c8ada97418ed59775b
    3 N5060173366f04e03a583a72e4480b811
    4 N59a9ea952b4846368a877d5147e085fe
    5 N763580556fab4c25b1c39cd4da246065
    6 N929c09a73e7d47a689778c0ce5a0f5ae
    7 N9e4c036e2113473187b37af8e4e78bf9
    8 Nba48e8dbd2b14ca8acf463a07d005e64
    9 Nc337678c1456474c8e946b94626e2917
    10 Nda7eb59dd17c45b7918eea3fdedfaa0d
    11 Nf52d034c8b0c4d0c8385953b5d6456dd
    12 anzsrc-for:11
    13 anzsrc-for:1117
    14 schema:author N9681ca86c8d94a8e9cb720ede6d5f45d
    15 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00290309
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02140898
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02554327
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02554524
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02586750
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s00268-003-6762-9
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s00268-007-9045-z
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/s002689910021
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-0605-0
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-0726-5
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-7243-4
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-006-0620-y
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-007-0235-4
    29 sg:pub.10.1007/s11605-008-0783-5
    30 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074826698
    31 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075307030
    32 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076270314
    33 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076677079
    34 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077454517
    35 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077508431
    36 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078172217
    37 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078270072
    38 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079669354
    39 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080046951
    40 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080550908
    41 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080554505
    42 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082527564
    43 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082776622
    44 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082936968
    45 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083013522
    46 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083038936
    47 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083124827
    48 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083309161
    49 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083357612
    50 https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.1991.01410320061008
    51 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd002247
    52 https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.1800781108
    53 https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.4468
    54 https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.4915
    55 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02140898
    56 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554327
    57 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554524
    58 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02586750
    59 https://doi.org/10.1007/dcr.0b013e3181d326fd
    60 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0605-0
    61 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0726-5
    62 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7
    63 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-7243-4
    64 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-006-0620-y
    65 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-007-0235-4
    66 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9610(71)90322-9
    67 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9610(84)90442-2
    68 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1383(91)90157-a
    69 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2004.08.057
    70 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2006.02.009
    71 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2007.01.022
    72 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cursur.2004.09.004
    73 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idc.2004.01.009
    74 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2009.01.128
    75 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2009.06.042
    76 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(05)80156-4
    77 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(05)80579-3
    78 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(96)00244-9
    79 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(98)00293-1
    80 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(98)00317-1
    81 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0020-1383(02)00090-6
    82 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3468(81)80866-4
    83 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0039-6060(98)70253-3
    84 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1015-9584(09)60286-4
    85 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80004-6
    86 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2168.2002.02154.x
    87 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1055321
    88 https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/164.4.256
    89 https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/166.11.952
    90 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-197910000-00002
    91 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198104000-00004
    92 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198905000-00013
    93 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198906000-00010
    94 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-199105000-00015
    95 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-200206000-00004
    96 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-197204000-00003
    97 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198004000-00003
    98 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198711000-00008
    99 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198807000-00013
    100 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199011000-00007
    101 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199012000-00012
    102 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199502000-00025
    103 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199503000-00007
    104 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199511000-00013
    105 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199603001-00041
    106 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199608000-00012
    107 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199801000-00009
    108 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00001
    109 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00010
    110 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199810000-00002
    111 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199902000-00009
    112 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200003000-00024
    113 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200010000-00009
    114 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200011000-00006
    115 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200103000-00011
    116 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200105000-00001
    117 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200109000-00018
    118 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200201000-00020
    119 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200206000-00019
    120 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000093243.01377.9b
    121 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000198375.83830.62
    122 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000205808.46504.e9
    123 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000239497.96387.9d
    124 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318047c064
    125 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318163c421
    126 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181991ab0
    127 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e31819ea3fc
    128 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-2197.1996.tb01208.x
    129 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2932.321
    130 https://doi.org/10.1136/jramc-156-01-05
    131 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2313030126
    132 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.177.6.1771247
    133 https://doi.org/10.7205/milmed.173.3.293
    134 schema:datePublished 2011-09
    135 schema:datePublishedReg 2011-09-01
    136 schema:description BACKGROUND: The treatment of traumatic injuries to the colon and rectum is often driven by dogma, despite the presence of evidence suggesting alternative methods of care. OBJECTIVE: This is an evidence-based review, in the format of a review article, to determine the ideal treatment of noniatrogenic traumatic injuries to the colon and rectum to improve the care provided to this group of patients. Recommendations and treatment algorithms were based on consensus conclusions of the data. DATA SOURCES: A search of MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Database of Collected Reviews was performed from 1965 through December 2010. STUDY SELECTION: Authors independently reviewed selected abstracts to determine their scientific merit and relevance based on key-word combinations regarding colorectal trauma. A directed search of the embedded references from the primary articles was also performed in select circumstances. We then performed a complete evaluation of 108 articles and 3 additional abstracts. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcomes were morbidity, mortality, and colostomy rates. RESULTS: Evidence-based recommendations and algorithms are presented for the management of traumatic colorectal injuries. LIMITATIONS: Level I and II evidence was limited. CONCLUSIONS: Colorectal injuries remain a challenging clinical entity associated with significant morbidity. Familiarity with the different methods to approach and manage these injuries, including "damage control" tactics when necessary, will allow surgeons to minimize unnecessary complications and mortality.
    137 schema:genre research_article
    138 schema:inLanguage en
    139 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    140 schema:isPartOf N2eb5b30f1dc248e2a6e4b67c7bf8d611
    141 N9640a223d58f4ca18da2c1ac10aac776
    142 sg:journal.1017424
    143 schema:name Traumatic Injury of the Colon and Rectum: The Evidence vs Dogma
    144 schema:pagination 1184-1201
    145 schema:productId N0b797a2e21184b69a54bbddccb643528
    146 N74c283c9226a4fdebdcadecd158641c0
    147 Na8c142d3ecac4344b8ae339a288a0679
    148 Ncfbf8e3a742443498eb3988699ccb28d
    149 Ndb7035ee89bd4e91b0ceafc9a783fc34
    150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008569171
    151 https://doi.org/10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60
    152 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T11:37
    153 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    154 schema:sdPublisher N2c36fd12a8a74c60bc30308ebbd5acd7
    155 schema:url http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:landingpage&an=0003453-201109000-00019
    156 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    157 sgo:sdDataset articles
    158 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    159 N039cb2f083ac418087506e0ea6f79599 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    160 schema:name Evidence-Based Medicine
    161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    162 N0b797a2e21184b69a54bbddccb643528 schema:name readcube_id
    163 schema:value 28d34b7fa04032c8a073d3a497ae5f923c4c6bef773b03c37ffd43c1506eac99
    164 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    165 N177465a4e87649c8ada97418ed59775b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    166 schema:name Diagnostic Imaging
    167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    168 N2c36fd12a8a74c60bc30308ebbd5acd7 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    169 rdf:type schema:Organization
    170 N2eb5b30f1dc248e2a6e4b67c7bf8d611 schema:issueNumber 9
    171 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    172 N42684577f56a461cb3c889a28844b75f schema:name Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts
    173 rdf:type schema:Organization
    174 N5060173366f04e03a583a72e4480b811 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    175 schema:name Laparoscopy
    176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    177 N55763941925d47819d6887d9faa682a1 rdf:first sg:person.0622744437.10
    178 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    179 N59a9ea952b4846368a877d5147e085fe schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    180 schema:name Colon
    181 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    182 N74c283c9226a4fdebdcadecd158641c0 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    183 schema:value 0372764
    184 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    185 N763580556fab4c25b1c39cd4da246065 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    186 schema:name Military Personnel
    187 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    188 N929c09a73e7d47a689778c0ce5a0f5ae schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    189 schema:name Algorithms
    190 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    191 N9640a223d58f4ca18da2c1ac10aac776 schema:volumeNumber 54
    192 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    193 N9681ca86c8d94a8e9cb720ede6d5f45d rdf:first sg:person.01132106272.26
    194 rdf:rest Nf033ac7805504ab28130041ffa920e7f
    195 N9e4c036e2113473187b37af8e4e78bf9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    196 schema:name Colostomy
    197 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    198 Na8c142d3ecac4344b8ae339a288a0679 schema:name doi
    199 schema:value 10.1007/dcr.0b013e3182188a60
    200 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    201 Nba48e8dbd2b14ca8acf463a07d005e64 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    202 schema:name Risk Factors
    203 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    204 Nc337678c1456474c8e946b94626e2917 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    205 schema:name Rectum
    206 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    207 Ncfbf8e3a742443498eb3988699ccb28d schema:name dimensions_id
    208 schema:value pub.1008569171
    209 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    210 Nd9b3b8c80fa4441db694baa5aa70421b schema:name USUHS, Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Ft. Lewis, Washington
    211 rdf:type schema:Organization
    212 Nda7eb59dd17c45b7918eea3fdedfaa0d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    213 schema:name Colorectal Surgery
    214 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    215 Ndb7035ee89bd4e91b0ceafc9a783fc34 schema:name pubmed_id
    216 schema:value 21825901
    217 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    218 Nf033ac7805504ab28130041ffa920e7f rdf:first sg:person.01300235337.35
    219 rdf:rest N55763941925d47819d6887d9faa682a1
    220 Nf52d034c8b0c4d0c8385953b5d6456dd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    221 schema:name Humans
    222 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    223 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    224 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    225 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    226 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    227 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
    228 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    229 sg:journal.1017424 schema:issn 0012-3706
    230 1530-0358
    231 schema:name Diseases of the Colon & Rectum
    232 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    233 sg:person.01132106272.26 schema:affiliation Nd9b3b8c80fa4441db694baa5aa70421b
    234 schema:familyName Steele
    235 schema:givenName Scott R.
    236 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01132106272.26
    237 rdf:type schema:Person
    238 sg:person.01300235337.35 schema:affiliation N42684577f56a461cb3c889a28844b75f
    239 schema:familyName Maykel
    240 schema:givenName Justin A.
    241 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01300235337.35
    242 rdf:type schema:Person
    243 sg:person.0622744437.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265436.0
    244 schema:familyName Johnson
    245 schema:givenName Eric K.
    246 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0622744437.10
    247 rdf:type schema:Person
    248 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00290309 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021276508
    249 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00290309
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02140898 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028632454
    252 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02140898
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02554327 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016662869
    255 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554327
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02554524 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004100806
    258 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554524
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02586750 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049591024
    261 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02586750
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 sg:pub.10.1007/s00268-003-6762-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034723520
    264 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-003-6762-9
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 sg:pub.10.1007/s00268-007-9045-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029499659
    267 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-007-9045-z
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 sg:pub.10.1007/s002689910021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019544949
    270 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002689910021
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-0605-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038627331
    273 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0605-0
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-0726-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007847339
    276 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0726-5
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010532716
    279 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-004-7243-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046557675
    282 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-7243-4
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-006-0620-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036914114
    285 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-006-0620-y
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 sg:pub.10.1007/s10350-007-0235-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029743240
    288 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-007-0235-4
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 sg:pub.10.1007/s11605-008-0783-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016928779
    291 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11605-008-0783-5
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074826698 schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075307030 schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076270314 schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076677079 schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077454517 schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077508431 schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078172217 schema:CreativeWork
    300 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078270072 schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079669354 schema:CreativeWork
    302 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080046951 schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080550908 schema:CreativeWork
    304 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080554505 schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082527564 schema:CreativeWork
    306 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082776622 schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082936968 schema:CreativeWork
    308 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083013522 schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083038936 schema:CreativeWork
    310 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083124827 schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083309161 schema:CreativeWork
    312 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083357612 schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.1991.01410320061008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032885079
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd002247 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018284729
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.1800781108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033742899
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.4468 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022172287
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.4915 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030661839
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02140898 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028632454
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554327 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016662869
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02554524 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004100806
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02586750 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049591024
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1007/dcr.0b013e3181d326fd schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047869147
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0605-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038627331
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-0726-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007847339
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-6698-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010532716
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-004-7243-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046557675
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-006-0620-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036914114
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10350-007-0235-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029743240
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9610(71)90322-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025773314
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9610(84)90442-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008562492
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-1383(91)90157-a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032895902
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2004.08.057 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031289836
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2006.02.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027676269
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2007.01.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039632958
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cursur.2004.09.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024062898
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idc.2004.01.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023465348
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2009.01.128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000249178
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2009.06.042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022981902
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(05)80156-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010415804
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(05)80579-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003842281
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(96)00244-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019695388
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(98)00293-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005685582
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0002-9610(98)00317-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036674534
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0020-1383(02)00090-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012715987
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3468(81)80866-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017365847
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0039-6060(98)70253-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009481533
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1015-9584(09)60286-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010353374
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80004-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021957242
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2168.2002.02154.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025490066
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1055321 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057547603
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/164.4.256 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074366894
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/166.11.952 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074959141
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-197910000-00002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025479670
    394 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    395 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198104000-00004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028232819
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198905000-00013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046964037
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-198906000-00010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020868900
    400 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    401 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-199105000-00015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052131911
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-200206000-00004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007000266
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-197204000-00003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035291239
    406 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    407 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198004000-00003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042813877
    408 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    409 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198711000-00008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046080326
    410 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    411 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-198807000-00013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040237131
    412 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    413 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199011000-00007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007539906
    414 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    415 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199012000-00012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023287969
    416 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    417 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199502000-00025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060207767
    418 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    419 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199503000-00007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060207783
    420 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    421 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199511000-00013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208095
    422 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    423 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199603001-00041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208312
    424 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    425 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199608000-00012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060208488
    426 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    427 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199801000-00009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209232
    428 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    429 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209465
    430 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    431 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199806000-00010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209474
    432 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    433 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199810000-00002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209707
    434 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    435 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-199902000-00009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060209956
    436 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    437 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200003000-00024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048132965
    438 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    439 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200010000-00009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038898748
    440 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    441 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200011000-00006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022736953
    442 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    443 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200103000-00011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010090632
    444 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    445 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200105000-00001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002076378
    446 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    447 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200109000-00018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053670090
    448 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    449 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200201000-00020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005423893
    450 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    451 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005373-200206000-00019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013203788
    452 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    453 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000093243.01377.9b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046903320
    454 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    455 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000198375.83830.62 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046875177
    456 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    457 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000205808.46504.e9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006354001
    458 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    459 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000239497.96387.9d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012308528
    460 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    461 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318047c064 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020425573
    462 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    463 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e318163c421 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003621229
    464 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    465 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e3181991ab0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027948430
    466 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    467 https://doi.org/10.1097/ta.0b013e31819ea3fc schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047944345
    468 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    469 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-2197.1996.tb01208.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000053110
    470 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    471 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2932.321 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048330694
    472 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    473 https://doi.org/10.1136/jramc-156-01-05 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044276552
    474 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    475 https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2313030126 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051768390
    476 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    477 https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.177.6.1771247 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069324379
    478 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    479 https://doi.org/10.7205/milmed.173.3.293 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073663308
    480 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    481 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265436.0 schema:alternateName Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
    482 schema:name USUHS, Department of Surgery, Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Ft. Gordon, Georgia
    483 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...