Perception of A Model’s Self-Esteem as A Function of Observer Self-Esteem and Model’s Duration of Eye Contact View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1998-04

AUTHORS

Jennifer Lagomarsino, Michelle Gallagher, Sara Yankalunas, Charles I. Brooks, Jean P. O’Brien

ABSTRACT

College students were given the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory. For each subscale of the inventory, they were classified as having either high self-esteem (top 40% of the scorers) or low self-esteem (bottom 40% of the scorers). Several weeks after the assessment of self-esteem, they watched a 60-s videotape in which a model maintained eye contact with an interviewer for either 5 s or 50 s. After viewing the tape, the students again completed the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory, but this time as they thought the model in the tape would complete it. The general pattern of the results was that high self-esteem students perceived greater self-esteem in the model in the 50-s tape compared to the 5-s tape, whereas low self-esteem students perceived greater selfesteem in the model in the 5-s tape compared to the 50-s tape. The results show the importance of an observer’s own self-esteem in the formation of impressions based on eye contact. Implications for further research are discussed. More... »

PAGES

317-324

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985-03. Emotional traits and recognition of facial expression of emotion in JOURNAL OF NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 1979-02. Eye contact and the perception of intelligence in BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    The Psychological Record

    ISSUE

    2

    VOLUME

    48

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03395272

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03395272

    DIMENSIONS

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