Effects of Grammar Instruction and Fluency Training on the Learning of the and a by Native Speakers of Japanese View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-04

AUTHORS

Satoru Shimamune, Masako Jitsumori

ABSTRACT

In a computer-assisted sentence completion task, the effects of grammar instruction and fluency training on learning the use of the definite and indefinite articles of English were examined. Forty-eight native Japanese-speaking students were assigned to four groups: with grammar/accuracy (G/A), without grammar/accuracy (N/A), with grammar/fluency (G/F), and without grammar/fluency (N/F). In the G/A and N/A groups, training continued until performance reached 100% accuracy (accuracy criterion). In the G/F and N/F groups, training continued until 100% accuracy was reached and the correct responses were made at a high speed (fluency criterion). Grammar instruction was given to participants in the G/A and G/F groups but not to those in the N/A and N/F groups. Generalization to new sentences was tested immediately after reaching the required criterion. High levels of generalization occurred, regardless of the type of mastery criterion and whether the grammar instruction was given. Retention tests were conducted 4, 6, and 8 weeks after training. Fluency training effectively improved retention of the performance attained without the grammar instruction. This effect was diminished when grammar instruction was given during training. Learning grammatical rules was not necessary for the generalized use of appropriate definite and indefinite articles or for the maintenance of the performance attained through fluency training. More... »

PAGES

3-16

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03392943

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03392943

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078542707

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22477154


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