Automatic reinforcement and automatic punishment in infant vocal behavior View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1996-04

AUTHORS

Rick Smith, Jack Michael, Mark L. Sundberg

ABSTRACT

Two female infants, aged 11 and 14 months, were exposed to a procedure in which an experimenter-emitted vocal response was paired with an established form of reinforcement (positive condition). One of the subjects was also exposed to a procedure in which an experimenter-emitted vocal response was paired with a neutral stimulus (neutral condition), and a procedure in which an experimenter-emitted vocal response was paired with a mild aversive stimulus (negative condition). An AB design was used with pre- and post-pairing measures. The results showed that after the positive pairing the targeted responses increased in frequency in 75% of the sessions. Responding remained constant during the neutral condition, but dropped sharply in the negative condition. These data suggest that a critical variable related to an infant's native language acquisition is the stimulus-stimulus pairing process that occurs when parents or caretakers speak to their infants. More... »

PAGES

39-48

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1996-04. The role of automatic reinforcement in early language acquisition in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03392905

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03392905

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078542668

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22477109


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