Toward a Technology of Generalization: The Identification of Natural Contingencies of Reinforcement View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1986-04

AUTHORS

Frank W. Kohler, Charles R. Greenwood

ABSTRACT

Applied behavior analysts have directed a growing effort towards the development of a technology for behavioral generalization and maintenance over the past decade. Among the list of potential generalization promoters thought to exist is the natural contingency of social reinforcement (i.e., a behavioral trap) for new behavior in its untrained form or setting, or over time. Although past researchers have noted a need to program for the generalization and maintenance of behavior change, the current understanding of behavioral traps precludes the use of these contingencies to support behavioral changes when interventions are not in operation. This article describes five forms of evidence useful for the identification and analysis of natural contingencies of reinforcement. Examples from the applied research literature are provided to illustrate the kinds of studies that would greatly enhance our knowledge of behavioral traps and improve our ability to understand and program the generalization of trained behaviors across diverse forms and settings, and over time. More... »

PAGES

19-26

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1977-12. An experimental analysis of peer social initiations on the behavior of withdrawn preschool children: Some training and generalization effects in JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
  • 1981. The Use of Peer Social Initiations in the Treatment of Social Withdrawal in THE UTILIZATION OF CLASSROOM PEERS AS BEHAVIOR CHANGE AGENTS
  • 1981. Group-Oriented Contingencies and Peer Behavior Change in THE UTILIZATION OF CLASSROOM PEERS AS BEHAVIOR CHANGE AGENTS
  • 1981. Peers as Behavior Change Agents for Withdrawn Classmates in ADVANCES IN CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
  • 1982. Experimental Design in Group Outcome Research in INTERNATIONAL HANDBOOK OF BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION AND THERAPY
  • 1981. The Utilization of Classroom Peers as Behavior Change Agents in NONE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03391926

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03391926

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078543942

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22478644


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