Immunological changes after a single bout of moderate-intensity exercise in a hot environment View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2008-09

AUTHORS

J. Romeo, D. Jiménez-Pavón, M. Cervantes-Borunda, J. Wärnberg, S. Gómez-Martínez, M. J. Castillo, A. Marcos

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to evaluate the possible changes caused by a single bout of moderate-intensity exercise in a hot environmental temperature on the immune function and on inflammatory markers. A total of 22 young male adults (VO2(max), 55.4 +/- 3.6 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1)) volunteered to participate in an exercise session of 60 minutes on a treadmill ergometer at moderate speed (60% of the maximum aerobic speed) in hot environmental conditions (35 degrees C and humidity 60%). Total leukocyte numbers, lymphocyte subsets (CD8+, CD4+, CD3+, NK and CD19+), cytokine production capacity by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) (IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha) as well as the concentration of several inflammation related proteins (ceruloplasmin, C-reactive protein (CRP), complement factors C3 and C4) were evaluated before and after exercise. The results show that leukocyte and neutrophil absolute values increased (P < 0.001) after the exercise period. In contrast, eosinophil values decreased (P < 0.05) after the exercise. In addition, ceruloplasmin, C3 and C4 values (P < 0.05) increased after exercise. No changes in T lymphocyte subsets, cytokine production, or CRP were observed. These data confirm previous studies suggesting that a 60 min exercise in a hot environment is enough to cause a physiologic adaptation to these special conditions leading to an increase of non-specific immune cells and promoting inflammatory processes. On the other hand, PCR values, lymphocyte subsets and the capacity of cytokine production by PBMC were not changed in a relatively short bout of exercise under these conditions in contrast with previous studies. More... »

PAGES

197-204

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03178842

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03178842

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037058161

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19244933


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