Zelluntergang bei entzündlichen Herzmuskelerkrankungen — Apoptose oder Nekrose? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-05

AUTHORS

Sabine Pankuweit, Matthias Jobmann, Marlies Crombach, Irene Portig, Peter Alter, Thorsten Kruse, Günter Hufnagel, Bernhard Maisch

ABSTRACT

Cell death can be induced by 2 different mechanisms: necrosis and apoptosis. Necrosis, on the one hand, is usually caused by unphysiological stress factors such as hyperthermia or hypoxia, apoptosis, on the other hand, is part of the normal organ development and controls for example immune responses. Morphologically, necrosis is characterized by swelling of cells and their organelles leading to the disruption of the cell membrane, which in turn causes an inflammatory reaction in the surrounding tissue. Morphological and biochemical criteria (Figure 1, Table 1) of apoptosis are the condensation of chromatin leading to the development of apoptotic bodies or membrane-enclosed vesicles containing oligonucleosomal DNA fragments. Important diagnostic tools of cell death (Table 2), such as the TUNEL test (Figure 2) or gel electrophoresis of extracted DNA (Figure 3) are based on the above mentioned biochemical characteristics, but a reliable differentiation of apoptotic versus necrotic processes is not always possible. Experimental studies in animals and studies in various diseases of the cardiovascular system were able to show that apoptosis in myocytes can be induced, an issue that has long been discussed controversially. Ischemia, reperfusion, and myocardial infarction were also shown to lead to apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, whereas cell destruction was caused mainly by necrosis. Several authors (Table 3) demonstrated apoptotic indices in cardiomyocytes of patients with dilatated cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and patients with acute infarction from 0.25 to 35% by the use of the TUNEL test. Others were able to demonstrate an elevated expression of Fas-receptor in cells of atheroslerotic plaques in patients with atherosclerosis and high indices of apoptotic cardiomyocytes in patients with chronic heart failure. We investigated endomyocardial biopsies of patients with inflammatory cardiomyopathy, DCM without inflammatory reaction but the presence of adenoviral or cytomegaloviral genome and idiopathic DCM using the TUNEL test. The percentage of apoptotic cardiomyocytes in biopsies of patients with DCMi was 1.03 and in biopsies of patients with adenoviral genome 0.25, whereas in all other groups no apoptosis was found. If apoptosis plays a major role in myocardial diseases such as heart failure, arrhythmia and others, blocking this mechanism will have to be considered as a therapeutical strategy. Therefore, studies on the extent of apoptotic processes in diseased versus healthy cardiac tissue are of great importance. More... »

PAGES

211-218

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03044963

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03044963

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037796617

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10412644


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